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He was ignorant and illiterate, but the resources of his mind were considerable. By a train of operations he had so far effected his purpose that in the year he commenced an ejectment suit to dispossess one of the settlers of this tract. While this suit was pending he went to Ohio, and, with the aid of accomplices there, manufactured a deed for the thousand acres, bearing the date of This deed was presented at the Circuit court held at Rochester by Judge Piatt, and was so fully supported by perjured witnesses that it prevailed.

Jones recovered and turned out of possession the honest purchaser 36 History of Police Department and occupant of two hundred acres, being a part of the tract. He then, by other suits and negotiations, obtained possession of the whole premises comprised in the forged deed, which he occupied for more than a year. But here providence interposed to disclose his villainy. By great perseverance and exertions the facts were, one by one, brought to light.


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The trial, which began with about sixty witnesses attending on behalf of the people, who were collected from three or Photo bu J. Casey Police Commissioner, to And Commissioner of Public Safety, four different states, occupied less than two days, and the verdict was speedily rendered. After repeated delays and postponements and motions and stays and appeals and new trials, the culprit, if he really had to undergo any punishment at all beyond the payment of extortionate counsel fees, would get off with a few years of imprisonment, certainly not enough to prevent Rochester, New York 37 his returning home before his younger children had finished their education.

Have we grown more tender-hearted, or is it that we are more indifferent to the perpetration of crime? One census was not enough for ; the village authorities took the enumeration in February, making the population 4,, and the state officials did it again in August, making the number 5, Perhaps it was that increase of nearly twenty-five per cent, in six months that made the people of the little settlement ambitious to have their village become a city. It may seem a ridiculous aspiration in these days of gigantic municipalities, but the scheme was widely agitated during the fall though it was finally abandoned in favor of the proposition to amend the charter by granting increased powers to the board of trustees.

It will be remembered how restricted those were by the terms of the act of incorporation, and it is no wonder that the trustees chafed under their limitations. So the new charter was prepared to obviate that difficulty; and also dividing the village into five wards, the first three on the west side of the river, the fourth and fifth on the east, in what had been Brighton ; in that shape the act passed the legislature in the following year. The year of was memorable in criminal annals as that in which the abduction of Morgan took place.

William Morgan was a man of rather low character and of intemperate habits, a printer by trade, who had previously lived in Rochester but had wandered off and settled in Batavia. While here he had been admitted into the order of Free Masonry, but he never advanced to any high degree in the fraternity and indeed was not in good standing. From some cause he conceived a hatred against the order and declared his intention of publishing a book revealing its secrets. After it was known that the book was really being put in type, efforts were made to suppress it, but threats and offered bribes were of no avail, for Morgan's stubborn nature refused to let him yield after he had gone so far.

A series of petty persecutions then began, and he was repeatedly put in jail for small debts. Finally he was taken from his home in Batavia, on a charge of petty larceny in that he had borrowed 38 History of Police Department a shirt from a landlord in Canandaigua and had not returned it, and was carried off to the latter village to be tried. There the charge was dismissed, but he was immediately re-arrested for a debt of two dollars, which he admitted, and was lodged in jail.

That was on the nth of September, and, so far as is known, he was never seen again as a free man.


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  6. On the following night, several men came to the jail, paid the debt and the costs and took Morgan away with them in a carriage, Joseph W. Rosenthal, Police Commissioner, to r in spite of the struggles of the prisoner, who received no assistance, as the jailer was absent and the business was transacted with the wife of that official.

    Morgan's wife became alarmed over his prolonged absence from home, and her individual excitement soon spread among her neighbors and thence all over the state. Indictments were soon found for abduction, against four residents of Canandaigua, two of whom, at least, were prominent citizens, and, when they came to trial, although a formidable array of counsel, consisting of John C.

    Sibley, Walter Hubbell and H. Rochester, New York 39 Penfield, appeared to defend them, three of them pleaded guilty and were sentenced to various terms of imprisonment, one of them, the person who had actually paid the fine, getting two years in the county jail. A Morgan committee was formed, through whose efforts the route taken by the carriage or other vehicles containing the prisoner was traced, stage by stage, from Canandaigua through this city down to the Ridge road and thence west to Lewiston, where, as was alleged, he was taken across the Niagara river to Canada.

    Governor De Witt Clinton made every effort to have him traced further, but was unsuccessful. The excitement increased rather than diminished during the next three years, during which time a great number of indictments, most of them for abduction, were found in five different counties of the state, against sheriffs, deputy sheriffs and others, and some convictions were obtained, though in most cases the jury disagreed. As to Morgan's fate, nothing was ever positively known, but the circumstantial evidence elicited seemed to warrant the belief that, after being kept for some time in an old magazine in Fort Niagara, he was put into a boat, rowed out into the river and drowned.

    Some fourteen years later, the excitement having passed away, the lodges resumed their charters and the fraternity became stronger in this community than ever before. The increase of authority in the hands of the trustees seems to have worked advantageously, for the directory of takes occasion, under the heading "The Police," to remark: No person was to keep above twelve pounds of gunpowder in any house within the village, nor even that quantity except in close canisters, under a penalty of twenty dollars ; a fine of ten dollars was imposed for constructing insecure chimneys to any house or manufactory, or for failing to obey the directions of fire wardens in things relating to security against fire or for failing to keep fireplaces in good repair so as to be safe, the same amount being levied on each of the firemen for each neglect of duty at a conflagra- tion ; while five dollars had to.

    Chapin Police Commissioner, to they sold liquors or served customers at that- time. The neatness and good order mentioned above were maintained by appropriate requirements, such as one compelling house- keepers to sweep and clean the sidewalks opposite their dwellings every Saturday from the first day of April to the first of November. The little directory gives the names of the officers of the corporation at that time, among them those of Raphael Beach as collector and constable and Stephen Symonds as constable.

    Rochester, New York 43 A careful search among the list of inhabitants shows that each of these two persons is designated as a " village constable," while the occupation of seven others — namely, Butler Bard- well, Stephen B. A little later in the year Stephen Symonds and Robert H. Sedgwick and Marcus Moses. That was the end of the village constables. We have seen what was said about Rochester by its own inhabitants, both those who praised it without discrimination and those who were severe in their strictures, perhaps like some fond parents who find fault with their children in order to hear them commended by others.

    Let us now see what impression was produced on the mind of a foreign visitor at this time, a man of unusual powers of observation and of more than ordinary skill in narration, Capt. Basil Hall, a distinguished officer of the British navy, but who is far less known for his achievements in that profession than for his description of his travels in North America. Perhaps the extract may seem rather long, and the criticism may be made that it is not relevant to the theme of this book, but I shall offer no apologies to my readers, for I think that they will not only be pleased by the style of the narrative, but will perceive, on reflection, that the story shows clearly the orderly activity of the place and indicates that there was no need of any large police force where there were so many busy workers, so few mischievous idlers.

    The Erie canal passes through the heart of this singular village and strides across the river on a noble aqueduct of stone. Rochester is celebrated all over the Union as presenting one of the most striking instances of rapid increase in size and population of which that country affords any example. The chief source of its commercial and agricultural prosperity is the canal, as the village is made the B. Frank Enos Police Clerk, i8yi to i8p8 emporium of the rich agricultural districts bordering on the Genesee river. In proportion as the soil is brought into cultivation, or subdued, to use the local phrase, the consumers will become more numerous and their means more extensive.

    Thus the demands of the surrounding country must go on augmenting rapidly, and, along with them, both the imports and the exports of every kind will increase in proportion. Out of more than 8, souls in this gigantic young village, there was not to be found in a single grown-up person born there, the oldest native not being then seventeen years of age. Stone, and afterward wife of John F. Bush, who was born August 16, , on St. Paul street, in what was then Brighton, though it had become a part of Rochester before Basil Hall was here.

    Rochester, New York 45 After giving some extracts of statistics from the valuable directory of that year, to which reference has been made more than once, the captain goes on: Everything in this bustling place appeared to be in motion. The very streets seemed to be starting up of their own accord, ready made and looking as fresh and new James G. The canal banks were at some places still unturfed ; the lime seemed hardly dry in the masonry of the aqueduct, in the bridges and in the numberless great sawmills and manufactories. In many of these buildings the people were at work below stairs, while at top the carpenters were busy nailing on the planks of the roof.

    Some dwellings were half painted, while the foundations of others, within five 4 History of Police Department yards' distance, were only beginning. I cannot say how many churches, court-houses, jails and hotels I counted, all in motion, creeping upward. Several streets were nearly finished, but had not as yet received their names, and many others were in the reverse predicament, being named but not commenced, their local habitation being merely signified by lines of stakes.

    Here and there we saw great warehouses, without window sashes, but half filled with goods and furnished with hoisting cranes, ready to fish up the huge pyramids of flour barrels, bales and boxes lying in the streets. In the center of the town the spire of a Presbyterian church rose to a great height, and on each side of the supporting tower was Early Police Officers to be seen the dial-plate of a clock, of which the machinery, in the hurry-skurry, had been left in New York.

    I need not say that these half-finished, whole-finished and embryo streets were crowded with people, carts, stages, cattle, pigs, far beyond the reach of numbers, and as all these were lifting up their voices together, in keeping with the clatter of hammers, the ringing of axes and the creaking of machinery, there was a fine concert, I assure you. A few years ago the whole of that part of the country was covered with a dark, silent forest, and, even as it was, we could not proceed a mile in any direction except that of the high road, without coming full-butt against the woods of time immemorial.

    After we had gone about a mile from town the forest thickened, we lost sight of every trace of a Rochester, New York 47 human dwelling or of human interference with nature in any shape. We stood considering what we should do next, when the loud crash of a falling tree met our ears. Our friendly guide was quite glad, he said, to have this opportunity of exhibiting the very first step in the process of town-making.

    After a zigzag scramble amongst trees which had been allowed to grow and decay for century after century, we came to a spot where three or four men were employed in clearing out a street, as they declared, though anything more unlike a street could not well be conceived. Nevertheless, the ground in question certainly formed part of the plan of the town. It had been chalked out by the. As fast as the trees were cut down they were stripped of their branches and drawn off by oxen, sawed into planks or otherwise fashioned to the purposes of building, without one moment's delay.

    There was little or no exaggeration, therefore, in supposing, with our friend, that the same fir which might be waving about in full life and vigor in the morning should be cut down, dragged into daylight, squared, framed, and before night be hoisted up to make a beam or rafter to some tavern or factory or store, at the corner of a street which twenty-four hours before had existed only on paper, and yet which might be completed, from end to end, within a week afterward.

    After a few moments of agreeable conversation the sportsman rode on, and the guide gave the information that he was the dancing master of the village, whereupon, our author remarks: At first sight it would seem that, where people are so intensely busy, their habits must almost necessarily, according to all analogy, partake in some degree of the unpolished nature of their occupations, and, consequently, they must be more or less insensible to the value of such refinements.

    I was, therefore, glad to see so good a proof, as far as it went, of my History of Police Department being in error. Hall carried with him during his travels in this country a camera lucida, an invention that had been recently perfected by Dr. Wollaston, and with the aid of this ingenious mechanism he made as many as forty etchings that were afterward reproduced and published in a separate volume.

    That book, of which a limited number of copies were issued, has become extremely valuable on account of its rarity. A copy owned by a friend of the present writer has been kindly loaned for the purpose of reproducing a picture which is called "the village of Rochester" and which shows the first court-house, with the Presbyterian church in the rear and adjacent stores in the fore- ground. It will be found opposite the title-page of this volume.

    Rochester, New York 49 and in Joseph Smith, the founder of a creed that has not tended to the betterment of the world, tried unsuccessfully to get Thurlow Weed to publish the Mormon Bible, from plates which he professed to have dug up near Palmyra in the early part of that year. A spasm of morality seemed to come over the western part of the state about this time, the most feverish manifesta- tion of it being in Rochester, where the orthodox people had long been scandalised by the passage of canal boats on the Sabbath.

    The trustees had silenced the music of the melodious bugle on that day, but with that their power ended, further progress must be made by moral pressure, and so popular meetings were held at which the iniquity of traveling on Sunday, whether by boat or by stage coach, was denounced in violent terms ; those who continued to do so were roundly abused, a kind of religious boycott was put in force and finally a string of stages, the Pioneer line, was established, which was to run only on week-days, the expense of which, about sixty thousand dollars, was shared mainly by Aristarchus Champion, Josiah Bissell and A.

    Riley and was almost a total loss, for the line was a failure, though it was productive of an improvement in the comfort of public vehicles. The other side was equally vehement and embraced men equally prominent with the would-be reformers. On January 14, , a large meeting of "the friends of liberal principles and equal rights" was held to protest against proposed Sabbatarian laws and against the religious test used in courts of justice. Whatever may be thought of the struggle over the main question, one action of this meeting will commend itself to all. After passing a resolution calling upon the legislature to abolish imprisonment for debt, as being odious, unjust and a relic of barbarism, those present took up a collection to discharge the financial obligations of the persons then imprisoned on that account, the money was paid over to the deputy jailer that evening, the jail doors were opened and all the debtors were released.

    The doors were opened for all, though not to the enlargement of the inmates, a year later, for the second jail was completed in , having been begun in the previous 4 50 History of Police Department year. This second jail stood on the artificial island formed by the river and the bend of the Fitzhugh and Carroll race, on the site now occupied by the train-shed of the Erie railroad station, south of Court street. In the main prison, which was sixty by forty feet, was a block of forty cells in two tiers, each cell being four feet wide, eight feet long and seven feet high, while above them was a room of the whole area of the prison, which at a later period was fitted up with cells of a larger size.

    The jailer's dwelling, which formed a part of the edifice, was forty feet square and three storeys high, the third floor being divided into seven rooms intended for debtors, for women and for men charged with minor offenses. The last-named class were commonly Rochester, New York 51 employed in making furniture, in weaving, tailoring and shoemaking. Edwin Avery, the late jailer, kept in the yard a man and a boy to assist in governing the prisoners engaged in outdoor work. All the prisoners inside were managed solely by himself.

    It gives us great pleasure to bear testimony to the exemplary manner in which he discharged his duties, not merely as a public officer but as a humane citizen. He deserves much credit for meliorating the condition of the prisoners by inducing them to labor voluntarily in various useful ways and for endeavoring to promote the education of boys and other prisoners who could conveniently be taught in the upper part of the building. We doubt not that the present jailer, Ephraim Gilbert, will continue efforts so happily begun for improving the condition of the vicious or unfortunate who may be thrown in his charge.

    In considering the number of prisoners it should be borne in mind that the county from which they are collected is exceeded in size by only four counties in the state. Escape from it became more and more easy, especially in the summer weather, when the river bed was dry and the fugitives could walk across it after letting themselves down from the windows; in fact, it became easier to get out of jail than to get into it. By Rochester had grown large enough and rich enough to entitle it to incorporation as a city. Its population, according to the directory of that year, was 12,, its trade and commerce were continually increasing and its supremacy of influence was recognised throughout the western portion of the state.

    So the legislature passed the desired law on the 28th of April, and on the 2d of June the freeholders and inhabitants held their last village meeting, electing five aldermen, with as many assistants, five assessors and five constables. The other officers were chosen by the Common Council a week later, completing, as follows, the list of the first officers of the new municipality: Smith ; third ward, Frederick F. Backus; assistant, Jacob Thorn; fourth ward, Ashbel W. Riley ; assistant, Lansing B.

    Marshall; superintendent, Samuel Works; chief engineer of the fire department, William H. Ward; assistants, Theodore Chapin and Kilian H. Smith and Thomas H. Rochester; fourth ward, Nehemiah Osburn and Obadiah N. Curtis and Orrin E. Gibbs ; justices of the peace, Thomas H. Harris and Philander Davis; overseers of the poor, William G. Russell and William C.

    Smith ; sealer of weights and measures, E. Miller; sexton of West burying-ground, Z. It may be well to give a synopsis of those provisions of the new charter that were applicable to our department. As might be expected, the most elaborate provisions were made against the dreaded igneous enemy, the powers delegated to the council for this purpose being almost unlimited and so minutely expressed as to constitute practically a code of fire ordinances in themselves. Nothing was said about the number of watchmen to be appointed, that being evidently left to the council, but the discretion was not very wide considering the amount of compensation to which they were confined.

    Five constables were to be elected by the people, one from each ward, who were to give satisfactory bonds for their Rochester, New York 55 proper delivery of such money as they might collect. The title of city marshal is a high-sounding one and in New England the office carries with it much dignity and power, but here the person filling it seems to have been only a sort of head constable, serving warrants issued by the city treasurer against delinquent collectors and also executing processes from the mayor's court.

    The office came to an end in With the creation of the city, some slight changes took place in our department, though the members of it were not for twenty years more to be known as policemen. We have seen that there was a night watch ever since , the power of arrest during the daytime resting with the constables and with the trustees of the village. One might suppose that with the assumption of city life it would have been thought a matter of becoming dignity, if not a measure of safety, to have a day watch as well as the band of nocturnal guardians, if, indeed, there were more than one of them at that time.

    But there is no evidence that such was the case. The captain was empowered to procure three hats suitable for the use of the watchmen, and the watch were ordered, by vote of the board, to patrol the watch district of the city from ten o'clock at night to the succeeding daylight. So that all the transforma- tion that occurred consisted in the recognition as city officials of those who — or their predecessors — had been merely paid employees, besides which they were now to be equipped with head-covering at the expense of the government.

    At the same meeting of the council the city attorney was directed to draw an ordinance relating to watchmen, regulating their powers and duties, and the lamp and watch committee was directed to report a suitable section of the city for the location of a watch-house. The committee having reported, at the next meeting, in favor of the southwest corner of the basement of the court-house, that apartment was at once fitted up with the requisite number of cells, and for the next sixteen years all those who passed by on the much-frequented thoroughfare of South Fitzhugh street were saddened by the constant sight of the gratings and oftentimes by that of the vicious or mournful countenances behind the bars.

    It may be as well, even at the risk of some repetition, to note, in this place, the various changes of location both of the lock-up, or police cells, and of the police court room, which was also in the basement of the court-house until that structure was torn down in to make way for the new county building. The watch-house was then removed to an old stone structure on the southwest corner of West Main then Buffalo and Sophia streets, while the police court was taken across the street, to the present site of the Powers Hotel.

    It was not long, however, before both were transferred to the north wing of the old city market, on Front street, which up to that time had been used as an armory for the Union Grays and other militia companies. The cells were located in the basement, with the court-room above, and there both of them remained till , when the ancient edifice was demolished, to make way for a new city building, in which both instrumentalities of municipal justice took up their location in , having spent the intervening year on North Water street, near Mortimer.

    The stay in the new quarters was equally short-lived, for in they were moved into the new city hall, then just completed, where they remained till the erection of the central police station on Exchange street in Mayor Child would, in the ordinary course of events, have held office for a year and a half, the term after that being one year, it being the object of the charter-makers to have the beginning and end of the mayor's incumbency six months distant from those of the Common Council.

    All went smoothly enough for the first year, though there was a little friction over the granting of licenses by the council, which at that time acted as a board of excise. But when a new council, which was elected in June of the following year, showed a disposition to open the doors a good deal wider, he felt that the situation had become intolerable to him.

    He therefore sent in a message in which he stated that the former board, although opposed to licensing in general, had given four licenses to grocers to sell ardent spirits because they supposed that a gradual reform on their part would meet the general sentiment better than a plenary refusal ; that on that occasion he had sacrificed his judgment to the desires of the majority, but that as an individual, both then and since, he had constantly objected to that measure and to every approach to it in the issuing of grocers' licenses.

    He then mentioned the fact that the new board had granted numerous licenses, and continued: I do not, gentlemen, impugn in any respect, directly or impliedly, your motives or judgment in acceding to these and similar applications, but I am constrained to act in accordance with my own solemn convictions of moral duty. When I find myself so situated in my official station as to be obliged either to violate these high obligations or to stand in opposition to the declared wishes of a large majority of the board, and through them of their constituents, my valued friends and fellow-citizens, I dare not retain the public station which exposes me to this unhappy dilemma.

    Under- these circumstances, it seems to me equally the claim of moral duty and self-respect, of a consistent regard to my former associates, of just deference to the present board, and of submission to the supposed will of the people, that I should no longer retain the responsible situation with which I have been honored. I therefore now most respectfully resign into your hands the office of mayor of the city of Rochester.

    Stevens and Isaac R. Elwood, to which the matter was referred, presented a long report justifying the action of the board and arguing against the wisdom of the action of the mayor. The resignation was then accepted, apparently with- 6o History of Police Department out opposition, if not without regret, and the recorder, Isaac Hills, was authorised to sign licenses till a new mayor could be elected, which was done a week later, General Jacob Gould being chosen to fill the vacancy. There was no more trouble over the licenses.

    The number was augmented by four in December, when Asa B. Van Slyck were added to the list. In January, , there seems to have been a still further increase, for, besides the foregoing, the names of Leonard M. Goodrich, Matthew Lefnngwell and Joseph Harris appear on the records of the council as entitled to compensation for services at that time.

    Catalog Record: History of Rochester and Monroe county, New | Hathi Trust Digital Library

    The reason for this enlargement of the force, almost putting the establishment on a war footing, does not appear. It certainly could not have been owing to any recent disturbances, for General Gould, who had been re-elected mayor, said in his address on retiring from office at the close of the year: During the period of my office, nearly two years, I wish it to be remembered, as a most extraordinary and to me most gratifying fact, that with a population averaging 16, I have never been called upon to interfere, nor has there ever 02 History of Police Department been occasion to do so, for the suppression of riot, mob, tumult or even an ordinary case of assault.

    This fact speaks a most gratifying eulogy for our civil and religious institutions and for the intelligence and morality of the community in which we live. Murderers' Row The present site of Police Headquarters The number of the watch was soon brought back to seven, then still further reduced to five, but in the next year it seems to have averaged nine, the names of Kelly, Green, Montgomery, Brownell, Albro, Darrow, Van Vleck and McKibbin appearing on the list.

    I have before me a little book, intended for carrying in the pocket, kept by Francis Dana, who was captain of the watch during as well as , in which he recorded the arrests made, most of them for intoxication, few for serious crimes, the items being such as these: Sometimes the entry, though plain in its language, would be pathetic in its story, like this: Demarest, who with his child of eight or nine years old lost his life. David Little's boarding-house on State street, said Little's house was set on fire in two different places, and further Little said that some one of the inmates of his house had lost one silver dollar, said money was found in the possession of Miss C.

    Cuthbert in her bead bag, put in watch house before police, charged arson, committed. A set of ordinances or regulations was adopted by the Common Council, of which the following may prove of interest: In case of any riot or disorderly assembling of persons, the city watch shall have power to require the aid of any citizen in suppressing or preventing a breach of the peace or in arresting the offenders, and any person who shall refuse or neglect to assist the said watch, or either of them, when so required, shall pay a penalty of five dollars for each offense.

    No watchman shall absent himself from duty during the hours prescribed for the watch, or serve by substitute, without permission from the mayor and Common Council, under a penalty of ten o 4 History of Police Department Police Headquarters Rochester, New York 65 dollars. The watch shall wear the hats provided for them, while on duty. The captain of the watch is required to designate some one of the watchmen, from time to time, who shall perform the duties of captain in his absence. The captain of the watch and the watchmen shall, for the purpose of preserving the peace and good government of the city, obey all orders given for that purpose by the mayor, recorder or either of the aldermen or assistants, or any police justice [meaning, probably, any justice of the peace, for there was only one police justice] , on pain of removal from office.

    All persons apprehended by the watch during the cold and winter seasons shall be kept in some safe and comfortable place, without danger from the severity of the cold, and, as far as practicable, the sexes shall be kept apart. Far different from the present state of things was the appearance of the night watch, and their duties involved some customs that were more like those of colonial days than of our modern life. While the lamp-posts, scattered at intervals that would seem to us none too short, were stationary, the lamps themselves were not.

    Now, the watchmen had to light those cheerful beacons and to see that they were kept burning sufficiently to make the darkness visible, so at ten o'clock on moonless nights the whole force would start out, each man with a string of oil lamps on his arm, and place those shining luminaries on the proper posts, and then in the morning he would have to gather them in and take them back to the watch-house, where they were stored away till the next evening. The officers were expected to call out the hour while patrolling their respective districts, accompanying the temporal announcement with remarks about the weather — " Twelve o'clock and all's well," or " Two o'clock and a starry night," all of which might be comforting to the sleeper who was awakened, but when it came to such tidings as these, " Three o'clock and a frosty morning " or " Four o'clock ; it snows and it blows," the listener would turn over in bed and address himself again to sleep, with the conviction that he was better off where he was.

    Rochester, New York 67 One of the oldest veterans on the force, now retired, says that Capt. Dana had five constables, one from each ward, to assist him, but I think there may be some mistake about that. The directory of , which is the nearest in date to that time, being one year after Dana's incumbency, gives, in the list of city officers, the name of Benjamin F. The Rochester Police Department has been under a court-ordered federal consent decree from the United States Department of Justice since over its hiring practices.

    The decree was part of a settlement involving racial discrimination.

    Rochester hired a constable and formed a nightwatch, which first went active on December 28, Addy Van Slyck was hired as the first police chief in The police department was reorganized into the Metropolitan Police in In , the department established a bicycle division consisting of two officers who apprehended a daily average of 25 "scorchers" speeders. In , the department added a traffic bureau consisting of officers stationed at busy Main Street intersections East Avenue, St. The city installed traffic lights in The department's first policewoman, Nellie L.

    McElroy, was also the first to be appointed under civil service rules in New York State. Since the establishment of the Rochester Police Department, 14 officers have died in the line of duty. In October , while serving as chief of police, Gordan Urlacher was arrested in Mayor Thomas Ryan's office on charges of conspiracy and embezzlement.

    On February 25, , former Rochester Police Chief Gordon Urlacher was convicted of three counts of embezzlement and one count of conspiracy for stealing police funds between and when he was chief of the police. The 19 counts of police brutality included accusations of the use of unauthorized weapons to beat or threaten suspects, including blackjacks , a cattle prod and lead-filled leather gloves. During a high-profile week trial 12 officers testified against their 5 colleagues.

    In the end, the five officers were found not guilty on all charges. In the City of Rochester created a civilian review board to review internal police investigations when a civilian alleges that a police officer used excessive force or committed a crime. The police chief makes the final decisions on all complaints.

    The initiative includes increased police presence in minority neighborhoods with a strategy to target minor offenses. A May national study that examined density of traffic cameras, red light cameras, and police surveillance cameras and authorized wiretaps found Rochester, NY to be the fifth most surveilled city in the country. The NYCLU among other community groups have questioned the effectiveness of the mass surveillance tactics and whether they invade the privacy of everyday law-abiding civilians.

    In May , Emily Good was arrested in her front lawn for videotaping a suspicious traffic stop in front of her house. After the video of the police interaction and arrest was posted on YouTube, it immediately went viral and attain sustained local, national, [30] [31] [32] and international media coverage. Good was charged with Obstructing Governmental Administration but after the video was released the Monroe County District Attorney withdrew the charge.

    The Rochester Police Department draw criticism [ by whom? Appointed patrolman July 1, ; now officer on patrol wagon. Charles Hart , residence 38 Hand street. Born in Germany November 24, Appointed patrolman July 1, ; now court attendant. Peart , residence 65 Cypress street. Louis Nold , residence 10 Catherine street.

    Appointed patrolman March 31, Youle , residence 4 Terry street. Born in Watertown, Jefferson county, N. Appointed patrolman December 1, Patrick Culligan , residence Whitney street. Born in Ireland, March 16, Appointed patrolman July 22, John Sullivan , residence 3 Ethel street. Born in Peterboro, Canada, October 20, Appointed patrolman August 8, ; now officer on patrol wagon. Kron , residence Genesee street. Appointed patrolman May 31, Henry Baker , residence Maryland street.

    Born in Frankfort, Germany, July 16, Appointed patrolman June 30, George Liese , residence Caroline street. Born in Germany June 3, Appointed patrolman June 30, ; doorman to the chief's office. George Kleisley , residence 99 Colvin street. Born in Reading, Pa. Appointed patrolman June 26, ; now turnkey. O'Brien , residence Campbell street. Appointed patrolman January 1, ; now doing special duty at the New York Central depot.

    Moran , residence 33 Bartlett street. Born in New York, N. Appointed patrolman September 5, Cazeau , residence Reynolds street. Born in Albany, N. Appointed patrolman September 7, Moynihan , residence North Union street. Born April 10, Appointed patrolman September 15, Chatfield , residence 12 Vinewood place. Born in Cuylerville, N. Appointed patrolman June 16, ; now officer on patrol wagon. Charles Dingman , residence 25 Henion street. Born in Chili, Monroe county, N. Appointed patrolman December 30, ; now driver on patrol wagon. Albert Gerber , residence Orchard street.

    Appointed patrolman March 28, ; now turnkey. Thomas Foley , residence 33 Champlain street. Appointed patrolman November 12, Victor Hohman , residence 2 Nicholson street. Born in Germany July 25, Appointed patrolman November 13, ; now driver on patrol wagon. Metzger , residence Flint street.

    Born in Buffalo, N. Appointed patrolman November 13, O'Brien , residence 15 Henion street. Born in Ireland March 16, O'Connor , residence Magee avenue. Appointed patrolman Novenmber 13, Snyder , residence Clifford street. Charles Weber , residence Campbell street. Born in Utica, N. Finkle , residence 46 Warner street.

    Born in Oswego county, N. Appointed patrolman June 19, Rendsland , residence 2 Boardman street. Born in Lima, N. Appointed patrolman September 10, Smith , residence 16 Alexander street.

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    Born in Riga, Monroe county, N. Appointed patrolman, September 10, Michael Mulcahy , residence 69 Waverly place. Born in County Limerick, Ireland, August 27, Appointed patrolman January 29, Yawman , residence 60 George street. Born in Scottsville, N. Appointed patrolman March 19, ; now special night officer at headquarters. Thomas Ragan , residence Tremont street. Appointed patrolman November 19, Cahill , residence Atkinson street. Born in Ireland June 6, Appointed patrolman February 4, Devereaux , residence 8 Van street.

    Appointed patrolman April 15, Frederick Scholl , residence 4 Broezel street. Born in Tarrytown, N. Appointed patrolman April 15, ; now doing duty as mounted officer. Christie , residence 88 Glendale park.

    Appointed patrolman January 6, Shayne , residence 85 South Washington Street. Born in Galway, Saratoga county, N. Appointed patrolman January 22, Martin , residence Genesee street. Appointed patrolman June 9, Lawrence Murray , residence 22 Culver road. Appointed patrolman June 9, ; now bicycle officer at headquarters. Christian Bowers , residence Bartlett street. Appointed patrolman June 22, Touhey , residence Clifton street. Born in Canandaigua, N. Baldwin , residence South Fitzhugh street. Born in Riga, N.

    Appointed patrolman June 29, Patrick Conheady , residence 98 Grand avenue. Born in County Clare, Ireland. Fox , residence 32 Rainier street. Born in Rochester N. Heinlein , residence St. Born in West Henrietta, Monroe county, August 15, Klein , residence 3 Grant park. Lammel , residence 95 Wilder street. Born in Germany October 25, Lee , residence Parsells avenue.

    Born in Middletown, Conn. Natt , residence Ford street. Born in Palmyra, Wayne county, N. Sullivan , residence Reynolds street.


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    5. Local Responses to Colonization in the Iron Age Meditarranean.
    6. Geometry Quick Review: Triangles - Key Theorems and Proofs (Quick Review Notes).
    7. Born in Spencerport, Monroe county, N. Appointed patrolman June 29, ; now doing duty as mounted officer. Vaughan , residence Brown street. Born in Pittsford, N. Burns , residence 9 St. Born in Davenport, Iowa, June 14, Appointed patrolman September 1, Legler , residence 91 Charlotte street. Born in Mankato, Minn. Spahn , residence 9 Terry street. Pearson , residence 18 Rogers avenue. Born in West Walworth, Wayne county, N.

      Appointed patrolman May 4, ; now doing duty as mounted officer. William O'Connor , residence Orange street. Appointed patrolman May 4, Sellinger , residence 5 Montrose street. Hurley , residence 34 Romeyn street.

      Rochester Police Department

      Born in Stockholm, St. Appointed patrolman June 15, Erastus Horton Miller , residence 66 Catherine street. Appointed patrolman July 11, Thomas Sheehan , residence 18 North Washington street. Born in Ireland, April 1, Appointed patrolman September 6, William McDonald , residence 89 Kent street.

      Born in Peterboro, Canada, August 3, Appointed patrolman November 16, Kinnear , residence Parsells avenue. Born in Scotland December 26, Appointed patrolman February 8, Schmucker , residence Hawley street. Beachel , residence 42 Cypress street. Born in Batavia, N. Appointed patrolman February 16, ; now doing duty as mounted officer. Doyle , residence Brown street. Born in County Wicklow, Ireland, May 16, Appointed patrolman May 1, Tindell , residence 12 Lawn street.

      Born in Geneva, Ontario county, N. Ireland , residence 20 Delano street. Born in Beeton, Canada, January 10, Appointed patrolman June 10, Ingall , residence 21 Menlo place. Born in Wheatland, N. Courneen , residence Averill avenue. Appointed patrolman July 24, Henry Ehrmentraut , residence 15 Morgan street. McKelvey , residence Saratoga avenue.

      Appointed patrolman July 24, ; now doing special duty at railroads and coal yards. Drexelius , residence 81 Wellington avenue. Appointed patrolman 25, Condon , residence Jones street. Born in Limerick county, Ireland, April, Appointed patrolman July 26, John Hetzler , residence Jay street. Lane , residence 20 Anne street. McCarthy , residence 5 Arnett street. Born in Ireland February 14, Appointed patrolman July 26, ; now ordinance officer. Quinlan , residence Atkinson street. Sullivan , residence 34 Sullivan street.

      Appointed patrolman November 27, Lynch , residence Brown street.

      Main Content

      Appointed patrolman December 1, ; now turnkey. Muir , residence Champlain street. Pfitsch , residence Avenue A. Williamson , residence Reynolds street. Born in County Cork, Ireland, May 8, Appointed patrolman April 4, Clasgens , residence 23 Cleveland place. Appointed patrolman April 5, Philip George Amlinger , residence 2 Ketchnm street. Born in Sheldon, N. Appointed patrolman November 17, Decker , residence 77 Glendale park. Appointed patrolman April 26, ; now park officer. Cook , residence Lexington avenue. Born in Port Hope, Canada, November 10, Appointed patrolman May 27, Spillings , residence 35 Stillson street.

      Born in Cornwall, Vt. Appointed patrolman October 1, ; now physical instructor. Alexander Ashley , residence Henrietta street. Born in Kingston, Canada, October 26, Appointed patrolman March 18, Budd , residence Flint street. Born in Greece, N. Appointed patrolman March 26, ; now park officer. Schultz , residence 7 Manila street. Born in Brighton, N. Appointed patrolman March 30, ; bicycle officer, second precinct. Greve , residence 48 Concord street.

      Born in Germany December 21, Sullivan , residence Monroe avenue. Appointed patrolman August 4, Toomey , residence Plymouth avenue. Kellogg , residence Clifton street. Appointed patrolman February 17, Sander , residence Clinton avenue north. Trant , residence 70 Pearl street. Born in Seneca Falls, N. Twetchell , residence Pennsylvania avenue.

      Born in Webster, N. Appointed patrolman March 8, ; bicycle officer, third precinct. Dutcher , residence 28 Wooden street. Born in Avon, N. Appointed patrolman March 10, Isler , residence Troup street. Born in Shortsville, N. Appointed patrolman September 28, Lally , residence Plymouth avenue. Born in Little Falls, N.