e-book Key Words For Medical Cases

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Treatment was given on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 15, 18, 22 and Headache frequency and intensity is seen to fall over time. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. J Can Chiropr Assoc. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

A Conversation About Challenging Cases in Clinical Ethics

Open in a separate window. Introduction Case studies are an invaluable record of the clinical practices of a profession. Additional and useful resources for chiropractic case studies include: Single subject research designs. J Can Chirop Assoc ; 35 2: J Can Chiropr Assoc ; 51 2: General Instructions This set of guidelines provides both instructions and a template for the writing of case reports for publication.

The title page will contain the full title of the article. Remember that many people may find our article by searching on the internet. They may have to decide, just by looking at the title, whether or not they want to access the full article. A title which is vague or non-specific may not attract their attention. The two most common formats of titles are nominal and compound.

Other contents for the title page should be as in the general JCCA instructions to authors. Remember that for a case study, we would not expect to have more than one or two authors.

In order to be listed as an author, a person must have an intellectual stake in the writing — at the very least they must be able to explain and even defend the article. Someone who has only provided technical assistance, as valuable as that may be, may be acknowledged at the end of the article, but would not be listed as an author.

If there is more than one author, one author must be identified as the corresponding author — the person whom people should contact if they have questions or comments about the study. Provide key words under which the article will be listed. These are the words which would be used when searching for the article using a search engine such as Medline. When practical, we should choose key words from a standard list of keywords, such as MeSH Medical subject headings.

A copy of MeSH is available in most libraries. A narrative abstract consists of a short version of the whole paper. There are no headings within the narrative abstract.

How to Write a Medical Case Study Report (with Pictures) - wikiHow

The author simply tries to summarize the paper into a story which flows logically. A structured abstract uses subheadings. Structured abstracts are becoming more popular for basic scientific and clinical studies, since they standardize the abstract and ensure that certain information is included. This is very useful for readers who search for articles on the internet. Often the abstract is displayed by a search engine, and on the basis of the abstract the reader will decide whether or not to download the full article which may require payment of a fee.

With a structured abstract, the reader is more likely to be given the information which they need to decide whether to go on to the full article, and so this style is encouraged. The JCCA recommends the use of structured abstracts for case studies. Since they are summaries, both narrative and structured abstracts are easier to write once we have finished the rest of the article. We include a template for a structured abstract and encourage authors to make use of it. Our sub-headings will be: This consists of one or two sentences to describe the context of the case and summarize the entire article.

Several sentences describe the history and results of any examinations performed. The working diagnosis and management of the case are described. Synthesize the foregoing subsections and explain both correlations and apparent inconsistencies. If appropriate to the case, within one or two sentences describe the lessons to be learned. At the beginning of these guidelines we suggested that we need to have a clear idea of what is particularly interesting about the case we want to describe. The introduction is where we convey this to the reader. It is useful to begin by placing the study in a historical or social context.

If similar cases have been reported previously, we describe them briefly. If there is something especially challenging about the diagnosis or management of the condition that we are describing, now is our chance to bring that out.


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Each time we refer to a previous study, we cite the reference usually at the end of the sentence. This is the part of the paper in which we introduce the raw data. First, we describe the complaint that brought the patient to us. Next, we introduce the important information that we obtained from our history-taking.

Also, we should try to present patient information in a narrative form — full sentences which efficiently summarize the results of our questioning. We may or may not choose to include this list at the end of this section of the case presentation. The next step is to describe the results of our clinical examination. Again, we should write in an efficient narrative style, restricting ourselves to the relevant information.

It is not necessary to include every detail in our clinical notes. If we are using a named orthopedic or neurological test, it is best to both name and describe the test since some people may know the test by a different name. X-rays or other images are only helpful if they are clear enough to be easily reproduced and if they are accompanied by a legend. Be sure that any information that might identify a patient is removed before the image is submitted.

At this point, or at the beginning of the next section, we will want to present our working diagnosis or clinical impression of the patient. In this section, we should clearly describe the plan for care, as well as the care which was actually provided, and the outcome. It is useful for the reader to know how long the patient was under care and how many times they were treated. Additionally, we should be as specific as possible in describing the treatment that we used.

If we used spinal manipulation, it is best to name the technique, if a common name exists, and also to describe the manipulation. Remember that our case study may be read by people who are not familiar with spinal manipulation, and, even within chiropractic circles, nomenclature for technique is not well standardized. However, whenever possible we should try to use a well-validated method of measuring their improvement.


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For case studies, it may be possible to use data from visual analogue scales VAS for pain, or a journal of medication usage. It is useful to include in this section an indication of how and why treatment finished. Did we decide to terminate care, and if so, why? Did the patient withdraw from care or did we refer them to another practitioner? In this section we may want to identify any questions that the case raises. It is not our duty to provide a complete physiological explanation for everything that we observed. This is usually impossible.

If there is a well established item of physiology or pathology which illuminates the case, we certainly include it, but remember that we are writing what is primarily a clinical chronicle, not a basic scientific paper. Finally, we summarize the lessons learned from this case. If someone provided assistance with the preparation of the case study, we thank them briefly. It is neither necessary nor conventional to thank the patient although we appreciate what they have taught us. It would generally be regarded as excessive and inappropriate to thank others, such as teachers or colleagues who did not directly participate in preparation of the paper.

Guidelines to the writing of case studies

References should be listed as described elsewhere in the instructions to authors. Please use the following style for the reference list:. Zambelli F, Pesole G, Pavesi G, Motif discovery and transcription factor binding sites before and after the next-generation sequencing era. Irie Y, et al. Kremling A Systems Biology: Mathematical Modeling and Model Analysis. Seabag M Constructive Induction: A Version Space-based Approach. These should be used at a minimum and designed as simple as possible.

Introduction

We strongly encourage author to submit tables as. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. Preferably, the details of the methods used in the experiments should be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text. Cells can be copied from an Excel spreadsheet and pasted into a word document, but Excel files should not be embedded as objects.

If the submission is in PDF format, the author is requested to retain the same in. If you have created images with separate components on different layers, please send us the Photoshop files. All images MUST be at or above intended display size, with the following image resolutions: See the Image quality specifications chart for details. Image files also must be cropped as close to the actual image as possible. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts Figure 1.

Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.


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If this method is used, it is critical that the font size in all equations and tables is consistent and legible throughout all submissions. File size within the permitted limits for Supplementary Information. Images should be a maximum size of x pixels 9 x 6. Electronic proofs will be sent as an e-mail attachment to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage.

Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles. Limited to words Keywords: