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Don't have an account? Sign in via your Institution Sign in. Purchase Subscription prices and ordering Short-term Access To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve. Email alerts New issue alert. Vanderbilt University Press, Hooper aims at reading the texts on their own terms, for example by carefully considering the use of different narrative genres as well as the contemporary reaction to Casanova's published work.
Thanks to this thoughtful approach, which draws unobtrusively on recent theories from gender and postcolonial studies, Casanova's early narrative again becomes visible as a Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in.
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Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. One partook of the public sphere through the possibilities that arose from nursing activities. This factor meant the total involvement of nurses, through their daily routine and activities, as was the case with soldiers, in actions typical of wars. There too she took part in conversations where the necessary ideas of a political talk were summed up: Within this process of identification, material matters such as rank, medals and above all, uniforms, became symbolic means for empowerment.
Furthermore, familiar and marital eventualities in a war context had an impact on shaping the representations of the public and private spheres. The origin of this independence, other than the loss of her fortune during the war and the Bolshevik Revolution, lies in her failed marriage to Wicenty Lutoslawski: Likewise, she found the lit fuse which justified her changes at that time of need and crisis. Esto es, sumisa… Muy sumisa. He conseguido hacer de ellas unas admirables mujeres de hogar.
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Options for participating in the public sphere, and the subordination and hierarchical classification of activities within and without of the political, were established by Casanova according to those thee basic factors. Gender marked and marks ones ability to partake in the Nation and by extension, ones political capacity, depending on sex. She, as an ABC journalist, created, as did others in the context, a ranking of subordination through concepts of nationality that would be set above gender when there was a difference in how one belonged to a Nation.follow site
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From conditions arose for a different political opportunity, different to things that had come before, but still set in the same origins and criteria. The Nation, the Polish and the Spanish, would create a joining effect that projected common destinies and objectives. This would be a major factor during the war: It had been national independence then, and between and it would be the World War One.
It was precisely those attributes, well developed and understood, that would rightly give form to their nation, with the aforementioned objectives of liberation and independence in mind. Consequently there was no such thing as an active option, simply a given task, without a possibility for change, due to her sex and nationality. Such a circumstance allowed for women to actively partake in political institutions, as a contextual measure in the face of a national emergency.
The novelty resides in her beckoning women to take part, even if it was with old-fashioned charity. However, her discourse was not linear or monolithic in regards to the national hierarchy and to Slavic subordination to the West.
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Christianity strengthened the union between things wholly feminine, the home and the need for social order. Her determined religious convictions were the main articulator of her ideal social organization: The core idea being that social order, the regime that ruled the aspects of the private and the public, must not change:.
In both her interpretations, Spanish and Polish, Catholic practices and ideals warned of the moral danger that the public sphere was towards perpetuating those very samethings. Morality becomes corrupted through excessive exposure to the public sphere, and truly the war had increased exposition, and its varying nature would have to be taken advantage of, so thought Casanova, to avoid contamination. It can therefore be argued that in this sense her religious veneration and her essentialist sexual nature reduced the political opportunities of a woman flawless in her devotion:.
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The Galician writer would feel the Bolshevik Revolution as a terrible threat, and only in light of such a menace, and in the context of war, could she conceive the possibility of women soldiers that might defend the national cause, and along with it, the underlying social order. In relation to this, and specially concerning matters contrary to her ideology, she reproduced the conditions that determined conservative feminists of the 19th Century: To break such boundaries, and only as a chance, was only possible in the context of exceptional circumstances when it was necessary to defend social order: This clearly made a factor such as analyzing the personal stand out.
In essence acrossing over of limits that had gone too far. That, after the war, the writer carried on with her journalist work and kept up her anti-Bolshevik militancy might be interpreted as a way of continuing her hopes of safekeeping and restoring Catholic morality, although up -front it was a manner of maintaining her autonomy in a family situation that demanded material contributions.
Casanova, Sofía 1861-1958
I was funding by the Spanish Mnistry of Education: For example, when her grandson died at Moscow in ABC , 20 th November ABC , 29 th January Nevertheless, historian Peter Gatrell spoke in these terms about the identification of productive and reproductive duties during the war and the perception of harmful consequences for gender destabilisation: Novoa Santos, while going over his latest medicine conferences, said of the Galician journalist: The core idea being that social order, the regime that ruled the aspects of the private and the public, must not change: It can therefore be argued that in this sense her religious veneration and her essentialist sexual nature reduced the political opportunities of a woman flawless in her devotion: Dario Cases and Roberto Ochoa have helped with English language.
Women Between the Wars, Cornell University Press, Ithaca. Oxford University Press, Oxford. Oxford University Press, Oxford: In Evidence, History , and the Great War.
Sofía Casanova and the First World War. Changing the Public Sphere
Historians and the Impact of , edited by Braybon, Gail. Vanderbilt University Press, Nashville. Palgrave Macmillan, New York.