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He sometimes said he was a native Cuban from Havana. Other accounts place his birth in Tampa, Florida, making him an American of Cuban ancestry. The birth date is always given as February 16 but the year varies. Her parents raised both of them. He worked with several Latin artists and orchestras in the late s, recording with Conjunto Moderno, Cuarteto Caney, Orchestra Siboney, and the bandleader Xavier Cugat.

A big band-style brass section with trumpets and saxes was backed by a Cuban rhythm section.

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Machito took on Bauza the following year as musical director; a role he kept for 34 years. Bauza also played trumpet and alto saxophone. Tito Puente played timbales on the track, and Chino Pozo played percussion. Machito was the front man, conductor, and maraca player of the Afro-Cubans and its successors while Bauza determined the character of the band. After a few months of training, he suffered a leg injury and was discharged in October.

Graciela served as the lead singer of the Afro-Cubans for a year before Machito returned to front the band. Later, Machito helped him get positions in other Latin bands. The next month, the bands of both Kenton and Machito shared the stage at The Town Hall, setting off a surging interest in Cubop. Machito was sought after by record producers, and in his live shows he featured soloists Howard McGhee on trumpet and Brew Moore on tenor sax.


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Late in he took to the studio with Charlie Parker, and Flip Phillips on tenor sax. An album made from and recordings was issued: Each summer from the mids to the late s, a period of 22 years, Machito and his band played a ten-week engagement at the Concord Resort Hotel in the Catskills. In , Machito recorded the album Kenya, with mostly original songs by A.

Band regular and arranger band Ray Santos played tenor sax on the album as well. The album has shown significant longevity: Later in , Machito determined that he would accept an invitation to tour Europe with a smaller eight-piece ensemble. Bauza quit; he had grave doubts that such an enterprise would work musically. Graciela left as well. The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4,, to honor, following the ceremony, The Academy overhauled many Grammy Award categories for The 59th Grammy Awards, honoring the best achievements from October to September , was held on February 12,, the Grammys had their origin in the Hollywood Walk of Fame project in the s.

The music executives decided to rectify this by creating a given by their industry similar to the Oscars. This was the beginning of the National Academy of Recording Arts, after it was decided to create such an award, there was still a question of what to call it, one working title was the Eddie, to honor the inventor of the phonograph, Thomas Edison. They finally settled on using the name of the invention of Emile Berliner, the gramophone, for the awards, the number of awards given grew and fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed, at one time reaching over The second Grammy Awards, also held in , was the first ceremony to be televised, the gold-plated trophies, each depicting a gilded gramophone, are made and assembled by hand by Billings Artworks in Ridgway, Colorado.

In the original Grammy design was revamped, changing the traditional soft lead for a stronger alloy less prone to damage, Billings developed a zinc alloy named grammium, which is trademarked. The trophies with the name engraved on them are not available until after the award announcements. By February ,7, Grammy trophies had been awarded, the General Field are four awards which are not restricted by genre. Album of the Year is awarded to the performer and the team of a full album if other than the performer.

Record of the Year is awarded to the performer and the team of a single song if other than the performer. The only two artists to win all four of these awards are Christopher Cross, who won all four in , and Adele, who won the Best New Artist award in and the other three in and Other awards are given for performance and production in specific genres, as well as for other such as artwork.

Special awards are given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry, the many other Grammy trophies are presented in a pre-telecast Premiere Ceremony earlier in the afternoon before the Grammy Awards telecast. The composer of over titles, including the jazz standard Lullaby of Birdland, had multiple albums on the Billboard charts during the s, s, s and s and he died of heart failure in New York City, at the age of Born in Battersea, London, Shearing was the youngest of nine children and he was born blind to working class parents, his father delivered coal and his mother cleaned trains in the evening.

He started to learn piano at the age of three and began training at Linden Lodge School for the Blind, where he spent four years. Though he was offered scholarships, Shearing opted to perform at a local pub. He joined a band during that time and was influenced by the records of Teddy Wilson. Shearing won seven consecutive Melody Maker polls during this time, around that time he was also a member of George Evanss Saxes n Sevens band. In , Shearing emigrated to the United States, where his harmonically complex style mixing swing, bop, one of his first performances was at the Hickory House.

Shearing said of this hit that it was as accidental as it could be and he became known for a piano technique known as Shearings voicing, a type of double melody block chord, with an additional fifth part that doubles the melody an octave lower. In , Shearing became a citizen of the United States. He continued to play with his quintet, with augmented players through the years and he created his own label, Sheba, that lasted a few years.

Earlier, he had appeared on the networks reality show, The Comeback Story. In , he began to phase out his by-now-predictable quintet, later, Shearing played with a trio, as a soloist and increasingly in a duo. AllMusics Scott Yanow wrote, Dizzy Gillespies contributions to jazz were huge, Gillespie was a trumpet virtuoso and improviser, building on the virtuoso style of Roy Eldridge but adding layers of harmonic complexity previously unheard in jazz.

His beret and horn-rimmed spectacles, his singing, his bent horn, pouched cheeks. In the s Gillespie, with Charlie Parker, became a figure in the development of bebop. Gillespie was born in Cheraw, South Carolina, the youngest of nine children of James, James was a local bandleader, so instruments were made available to the children. Gillespie started to play the piano at the age of four, Gillespies father died when he was only ten years old.

Gillespie taught himself how to play the trombone as well as the trumpet by the age of twelve, from the night he heard his idol, Roy Eldridge, play on the radio, he dreamed of becoming a jazz musician. He received a scholarship to the Laurinburg Institute in North Carolina which he attended for two years before accompanying his family when they moved to Philadelphia. Teddy Hills band was where Gillespie made his first recording, King Porter Stomp, Willis was not immediately friendly but Gillespie was attracted anyway.

The two finally married on May 9, and they remained married until his death in Gillespie stayed with Teddy Hills band for a year, then left, in , Gillespie joined Cab Calloways orchestra, with which he recorded one of his earliest compositions, the instrumental Pickin the Cabbage, in After a notorious altercation between the two men, Calloway fired Gillespie in late , the incident is recounted by Gillespie, along with fellow Calloway band members Milt Hinton and Jonah Jones, in Jean Bachs film, The Spitball Story.

Calloway did not approve of Gillespies mischievous humor, nor of his approach to soloing, according to Jones. Finally, their grudge for each other erupted over a thrown spitball, Calloway never thought highly of Gillespie, because he didnt view Gillespie as a good musician. Once during a rehearsal, a member of the band threw a spitball, already in a foul mood, Calloway decided to blame this on Gillespie. After the two men were separated, Calloway fired Gillespie, a few days later, Gillespie tried to apologize to Calloway, but he was dismissed.

Parker was an influential jazz soloist and a leading figure in the development of bebop. Parker was a blazingly fast virtuoso, and he introduced revolutionary harmonic ideas including rapid passing chords, new variants of altered chords and his tone ranged from clean and penetrating to sweet and somber. Parker acquired the nickname Yardbird early in his career, Parker was an icon for the hipster subculture and later the Beat Generation, personifying the jazz musician as an uncompromising artist and intellectual rather than just an entertainer.

He attended Lincoln High School in September , but withdrew in December , Parker began playing the saxophone at age 11, and at age 14 he joined his schools band using a rented school instrument. His father, Charles, was absent but provided some musical influence, he was a pianist. He later became a Pullman waiter or chef on the railways, Parkers mother Addie worked nights at the local Western Union office.

His biggest influence at that time was a trombone player who taught him the basics of improvisation. In the late s Parker began to practice diligently, during this period he mastered improvisation and developed some of the ideas that led to bebop. In an interview with Paul Desmond, he said that he spent three to four years practicing up to 15 hours a day, bands led by Count Basie and Bennie Moten certainly influenced Parker.

In , Parker played at a jam session at the Reno Club in Kansas City and his attempt to improvise failed when he lost track of the chord changes. The band toured nightclubs and other venues of the southwest, as well as Chicago, Parker made his professional recording debut with McShanns band. As a teenager, Parker developed a morphine addiction while hospitalized after an automobile accident and he continued using heroin throughout his life, and it ultimately contributed to his death.

In Parker moved to New York City, to pursue a career in music and he held several other jobs as well. He worked for nine dollars a week as a dishwasher at Jimmies Chicken Shack, in Parker left McShanns band and played for one year with Earl Hines, whose band included Dizzy Gillespie, who later played with Parker as a duo. This period is virtually undocumented, due to the strike of — by the American Federation of Musicians, Parker joined a group of young musicians, and played in after-hours clubs in Harlem, such as [[Clark Monroes Uptown House.

Stan Kenton — Stanley Newcomb Stan Kenton was an American jazz pianist, composer, and arranger who led an innovative, influential, and often controversial progressive jazz orchestra. In later years he was active as an educator, Stan Kenton was born on December 15, in Wichita, Kansas, and was raised first in Colorado, then in California. He graduated from Bell High School, in Bell, California, Kenton learned piano as a child, and while still a teenager toured as a member of several bands. He played in the s in the bands of Vido Musso and Gus Arnheim. In June he formed his first orchestra, which later was named after his theme song Artistry in Rhythm, a competent pianist, influenced by Earl Hines, Kenton worked in the early days much more as an arranger than later, and as inspiration for his loyal sidemen.

Although there were no musicians in his first band, Kenton spent the summer of playing regularly before an audience at the Rendezvous Ballroom in Balboa Beach. Influenced by Jimmie Lunceford, the Stan Kenton Orchestra struggled for a time after its initial success and its Decca recordings were not big sellers and a stint as Bob Hopes backup radio band during the —44 season was an unhappy experience, Les Brown permanently took Kentons place. A popular recording of Laura was made, the song from the film Laura.

In the mids, Kentons band and style known as the wall of sound or wall of brass. Calling his music progressive jazz, Kenton sought to lead an orchestra as opposed to a dance band at a time when most big bands were beginning to wind up. Kenton had succeeded in forming a radical and very original band that gained its own audience, in , Kenton took a year off. In he put together his most advanced band, the piece Innovations in Modern Music Orchestra that included 16 strings, a woodwind section and its music ranged from the unique and very dense modern classical charts of Bob Graettinger to works that somehow swung despite the weight.

Kenton managed two tours during — but soon reverted to his usual piece lineup, then quite unexpectedly, Kenton went through a swinging period. The charts of such arrangers as Gerry Mulligan, Johnny Richards, the music was never predictable and could get quite bombastic, but it managed to swing while still keeping the Kenton sound. In , when the band returned from its European trip, the Kenton band was playing in Ontario, Canada, at the time, and Kenton dispatched a telegram which lamented a new minority, white jazz musicians, and stated his disgust literary geniuses of jazz.

Jazz critic Leonard Feather, responded in the October 3,, Feather implied that Kentons failure to win the Critics Poll was probably the real reason for the complaint, and wondered if racial prejudice was involved. Despite its name, it is not considered to be a part of Harlem. The neighborhood is one of the largest predominantly Latino communities in New York City, mostly made up of Puerto Ricans and it includes the area formerly known as Italian Harlem, in which the remnants of a once predominantly Italian community remain.

The Chinese population has increased dramatically in East Harlem since and it has the second highest concentration of public housing in the United States, closely following Brownsville, Brooklyn. Police services to the neighborhood are divided between the 23rd and the 25th Precincts, conversely, East Harlem is notable for its contributions to Latin freestyle and salsa music. Beginning in , the New York City government was seeking to rezone East Harlem to facilitate new residential, commercial, community facility, and manufacturing development. The area which became East Harlem was rural for most of the 19th century, the extension of cable cars up Lexington Avenue into East Harlem was stymied by the incline created by Duffys Hill at rd Street, one of the steepest grades in Manhattan.

East Harlem was first populated by poor German, Irish, Scandinavian, in the s, Italian immigrants joined the mix after a contractor building trolley tracks on First Avenue imported Italian laborers as strikebreakers. The workers shantytown along the East River at th Street was the beginning of an Italian neighborhood, as more immigrants arrived, it expanded north to East th Street and west to Third Avenue. The neighborhood became known as Italian Harlem, the Italian American hub of Manhattan, the first Italians arrived in East Harlem in , from Polla in the province of Salerno, and settled in the vicinity of th Street.

There were many crime syndicates in Italian Harlem from the early Black Hand to the bigger and it was the founding location of the Genovese crime family, one of the Five Families that dominated organized crime in New York City. The Italian neighborhood approached its peak in the s, with over , Italian-Americans living in its crowded, the census showed that 81 percent of the population of Italian Harlem consisted of first- or second-generation Italian Americans.

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The Italian community in East Harlem remained strong into the s, however, Italian inhabitants and vestiges of the old Italian neighborhood remain. Italian retail establishments still exist, such as Raos restaurant, started in , in May , one of the last remaining Italian retail businesses in the neighborhood, a barbershop owned by Claudio Caponigro on th Street, was threatened with closure by a rent increase. Although in certain areas, particularly around Pleasant Avenue, Italian Harlem lasted through the s, most of these predominantly older residents are clustered around Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church, mainly from th to th Streets.

According to the Census, there were only 1, Italian-Americans still living in this area, catholic and evangelistic Protestant churches appeared in storefronts. It is located on the west coast of Florida on Tampa Bay, near the Gulf of Mexico, the city had a population of , in The current location of Tampa was once inhabited by peoples of the Safety Harbor culture. The area was explored by Spanish explorers in the 16th century, resulting in violent conflicts and the introduction of European diseases, which wiped out the original native cultures. The first civilian residents were pioneers who settled near the fort for protection from the nearby Seminole population, today, Tampa is part of the metropolitan area most commonly referred to as the Tampa Bay Area.

Census purposes, Tampa is part of the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, the Greater Tampa Bay area has over 4 million residents and generally includes the Tampa and Sarasota metro areas. The Tampa Bay Partnership and U. Census data showed an annual growth of 2. A estimate shows the Tampa Bay area population to have 4,, people, Tampa was ranked as the 5th best outdoor city by Forbes in Tampa also ranks as the fifth most popular American city, based on where people want to live, a survey by the NYU newspaper Washington Square News ranked Tampa as a top city for twenty-somethings.

The word Tampa may mean sticks of fire in the language of the Calusa and this might be a reference to the many lightning strikes that the area receives during the summer months. Other historians claim the name means the place to gather sticks, toponymist George R. Stewart writes that the name was the result of a miscommunication between the Spanish and the Indians, the Indian word being itimpi, meaning simply near it. The name first appears in the Memoir of Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda and he calls it Tanpa and describes it as an important Calusa town. A later Spanish expedition did not notice Charlotte Harbor while sailing north along the west coast of Florida, the name was accidentally transferred north.

Map makers were using the term Bay or Bahia Tampa as early as , people from Tampa are known as Tampans or Tampanians. With an estimated population of 8,, distributed over an area of about Located at the tip of the state of New York. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy and has described as the cultural and financial capital of the world.

Situated on one of the worlds largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, the five boroughs — Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island — were consolidated into a single city in The city and its surroundings came under English control in and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, New York served as the capital of the United States from until It has been the countrys largest city since , the Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a symbol of the United States and its democracy.

In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world, the names of many of the citys bridges, tapered skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world. Manhattans real estate market is among the most expensive in the world, Manhattans Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city.

Over colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, during the Wisconsinan glaciation, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1, feet in depth. The ice sheet scraped away large amounts of soil, leaving the bedrock that serves as the foundation for much of New York City today.

Later on, movement of the ice sheet would contribute to the separation of what are now Long Island and Staten Island. Heavy ice kept him from further exploration, and he returned to Spain in August and he proceeded to sail up what the Dutch would name the North River, named first by Hudson as the Mauritius after Maurice, Prince of Orange. A trained violinist and arranger, he was a figure in the spread of Latin music in United States popular music. In New York, he was the leader of the resident orchestra at the Waldorf-Astoria before and he was also a cartoonist and a restaurateur.

His family immigrated to Cuba when Xavier was five and he was trained as a classical violinist and played with the Orchestra of the Teatro Nacional in Havana. Havana, Cugat appeared in recitals with Enrico Caruso, playing violin solos. Entering the world of business, he played with a band called The Gigolos during the tango craze. Later, he went to work for the Los Angeles Times as a cartoonist, cugats caricatures were later nationally syndicated. His older brother, Francis, was an artist of note, having painted the famous cover art for F.

In the late s, as began to be used in films. And by the early s, he began appearing with his group in feature films and his first notable appearance occurred in , in the Columbia production You Were Never Lovelier with Rita Hayworth, Fred Astaire, and Adolphe Menjou. Dinah Shore made her first recordings as a vocalist with Cugat in and , in , his recording of Perfidia became a big hit. Cugat followed trends closely, making records for the conga, the mambo, the cha-cha-cha, several of the songs he recorded, including Perfidia, were used in the Wong Kar-wai films Days of Being Wild and In , Brazil was a big hit, reaching No.

Brown Cugat owned and operated the Mexican restaurant, Casa Cugat, on La Cienegas Restaurant Row for a number of years, the restaurant was frequented by several Hollywood celebrities, and featured two singing guitarists, who would visit each table and play diners favorite songs upon request.

In addition to Mexican cuisine, the restaurant also had an American menu, according to Cugat, Marlon Brando loves quesadillas, so he usually has two orders. He is best known for dance-oriented mambo and Latin jazz compositions that endured over a year career and he and his music appear in many films such as The Mambo Kings and Fernando Truebas Calle Tito Puente was born on April 20,, at Harlem Hospital Center in the New York borough of Manhattan and his family moved frequently, but he spent the majority of his childhood in the Spanish Harlem area of the city.

Puentes father was the foreman at a razorblade factory, as a child, he was described as hyperactive, and after neighbors complained of hearing seven-year-old Puente beating on pots and window frames, his mother sent him to cent piano lessons. By the age of 10, he switched to percussion, drawing influence from jazz drummer Gene Krupa and he later created a song-and-dance duo with his sister Anna in the s and intended to become a dancer, but an ankle tendon injury prevented him pursuing dance as a career. When the drummer in Machitos band was drafted to the army, Tito Puente served in the Navy for three years during World War II after being drafted in He was discharged with a Presidential Unit Citation for serving in nine battles on the escort carrier USS Santee, the GI Bill allowed him to study music at Juilliard School of Music, where he completed a formal education in conducting, orchestration and theory.

During the s, Puente was at the height of his popularity, and helped to bring Afro-Cuban and Caribbean sounds like mambo, son, Puente was so successful playing popular Afro-Cuban rhythms that many people mistakenly identify him as Cuban. Dance Mania, possibly Puentes most well known album, was released in , later, he moved into more diverse sounds, including pop music, bossa nova and others, eventually settling down with a fusion of Afro-Cuban and Latin jazz.

In early , he shot the music documentary Calle 54 and he was posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in Puentes granddaughter, Janeen Puente, is a singer and bandleader. C, in , he was awarded the National Medal of Arts. Timbales — Timbales or pailas are shallow single-headed drums with metal casing. The shells are made of metal, but some manufacturers offer shells of maple. The heads are light, and tuned fairly high for their size, the term timbal or timbales has been used in Cuba for two quite different types of drum. Timbales is the Spanish word for timpani, an instrument that was imported into Cuba in the 19th century and these were the same general type of drum used in military bands, perhaps slung either side of a horse, and in classical orchestras.

These were, and are, played with mallets, the timpani were replaced by pailas criollas, which were originally designed to be used by street bands. Pailas are always hit with straight batons that have no additional head, hits are made on the top and on the metal sides. In a modern band the timbalero may also have a set to switch to for certain numbers. In French, timbales is also the word for timpani, thus the French refer to Cuban timbales as timbales latines, in Brazil, the term timbal refers to an unrelated drum.

During the mambo era of the s, cowbells were mounted on the drums, the cowbells, or wood block may be mounted slightly above and between the two timbales a little further from the player.

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Due to the timbalero Tito Puente, it is now acceptable for a player — especially a band leader, Puente was frequently seen in concerts, and on posters and album covers, with seven or eight timbales in one set. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Archived from the original on April 13, Retrieved February 16, The rough guide to Cuban music. Notable Caribbeans and Caribbean Americans: When the Drums Are Dreaming. Who is who in music. The New York Times.

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The Penguin encyclopedia of popular music 2 ed. The Biographical Encyclopedia of Jazz.

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University Press of Florida. Yesterday, Today And Tomorrow". Archived from the original on October 24, My Journey with Tito Puente. Its Principles and African Origins p. Its Principles and African Origins. Latin music in New York. New York University Press , pp. Archived from the original on July 27, Originally appeared in The New York Times. The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from " https: Articles with hCards Pages using Template: Until , the name London officially applied only to the City of London, two recent discoveries indicate probable very early settlements near the Thames in the London area 5.

The right hand of the Tanga piano guajeo is in the known as ponchando 6. It is probably safe to say that by and large the simpler African rhythmic patterns survived in jazz, because they could be adapted more readily to European rhythmic conceptions 7. A register in the voice is a series of tones, produced in the same vibratory pattern of the vocal folds 8. Andean curanderos use maracas in their healing rites, modern maraca balls are also made of leather, wood, or plastic 9.


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Johnny Pacheco, the director and producer of Fania Records, molded New York salsa into a tight, polished Foster children in Canada are known as permanent wards, a ward is someone, in this case a child, placed under protection of a legal guardian and are the legal responsibility of the government Soon, others challenged him, and the battles of the bands became a staple at theater performances featuring many groups on one bill Special awards are given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry, the many other Grammy trophies are presented in a pre-telecast Premiere Ceremony earlier in the afternoon before the Grammy Awards telecast After the two men were separated, Calloway fired Gillespie, a few days later, Gillespie tried to apologize to Calloway, but he was dismissed This period is virtually undocumented, due to the strike of — by the American Federation of Musicians, Parker joined a group of young musicians, and played in after-hours clubs in Harlem, such as [[Clark Monroes Uptown House Jazz critic Leonard Feather, responded in the October 3,, Feather implied that Kentons failure to win the Critics Poll was probably the real reason for the complaint, and wondered if racial prejudice was involved According to the Census, there were only 1, Italian-Americans still living in this area, catholic and evangelistic Protestant churches appeared in storefronts Heavy ice kept him from further exploration, and he returned to Spain in August and he proceeded to sail up what the Dutch would name the North River, named first by Hudson as the Mauritius after Maurice, Prince of Orange In addition to Mexican cuisine, the restaurant also had an American menu, according to Cugat, Marlon Brando loves quesadillas, so he usually has two orders C, in , he was awarded the National Medal of Arts Havana [videos] Havana Spanish: Clockwise from top left: French pirate Jacques de Sores looting and burning Havana in The British invasion and occupation of Havana in London listen is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

The name London may derive from the River Thames. The Lancastrian siege of London in is attacked by a Yorkist sally. Westminster Abbey , as seen in this painting by Canaletto , , is a World Heritage Site and one of London's oldest and most important buildings. Latin jazz is a genre of jazz with Latin American rhythms.

Machito and his sister Graciela. A big band is a type of musical ensemble that usually consists of ten or more musicians with four sections: Paul Whiteman and his orchestra in Photo is from sheet music cover in the collection of Fredrik Tersmeden Lund, Sweden. Benny Goodman and Peggy Lee. Glenn Miller , a major in the U. Gillespie in concert, Deauville, Normandy , France, July Parker at Three Deuces, New York in Parker's grave at Lincoln Cemetery.

Stanley Newcomb Kenton December 15, — August 25, was an American popular music and jazz artist. Kenton in January For the song by Beirut, see East Harlem Beirut song. Church of Our Lady of Mt. Storefronts at Lexington Avenue and th Street. Timbales on display at the Smithsonian. National Medal of Arts.

Storming of Redoubt No. General Andrew Jackson stands on the parapet of his makeshift defenses as his troops repulse attacking Highlanders during the defense of New Orleans , the final major and most one-sided battle of the War of Army soldiers in Grant's Tomb November Closeup view of Carnegie Hall. The recording became a worldwide hit. Central Catskills from Twin south summit. Views of the Catskills from the Hudson like this led to the name "Blue Mountains" for a time. The Netherlands listen ; Dutch: The Netherlands in BC. Rorik of Dorestad , Viking ruler of Friesland romantic depiction.

A guajeo Anglicized pronunciation: Playing guajeos on guitar and tres in Cuban son music A labeled anatomical diagram of the vocal folds or cords. A group of singers performing arrangements of popular music with only their voices. A trio of female singers performing at the Berwald Hall in Images from top, left to right: Fort Brooke circa Brooke cannon on the University of Tampa campus. Infobox collage for WWII.

The League of Nations assembly, held in Geneva , Switzerland , Italian soldiers recruited in , on their way to fight the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. Salsa music is a popular dance music that initially arose in New York City during the s.

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Conga drums, one of the foundational instruments of salsa music. Maracas player at Bonnaroo festival. Ted Jensen's Grammy.