But for one reason or another the new arrangement did not work, and in February Salisbury resigned the wardenship of the east march and the captaincy of Berwick, 'great and notable causes in divers behalfs moving him. The failure must doubtless be ascribed to the removal of Bedford 's influence. When Bedford died, and the Duke of York , who had married Cecily Neville, Salisbury's sister, went out to France as his successor in May , he took his brother-in-law with him.
But he must have often been drawn into the north by the duties of his wardenship, which was periodically renewed to him, and by his inheritance of the Yorkshire estates of his father round Middleham and Sheriff-Hutton Castles on the death 13 Nov. Westmorland's grandson by his first wife, Margaret, daughter of Hugh, Earl of Stafford, and successor in the earldom, had for some years been vainly endeavouring to prevent the diversion of these lands to the younger branch.
The two families had made open war upon each other in the north, Westmorland being supported by his brothers Sir John, afterwards Lord Neville, and Sir Thomas Neville, and the Dowager Countess by Salisbury and his younger brother, George Neville, lord Latimer of Danby, in Cleveland; bloodshed had ensued, and the government had had to interfere. This double connection is reflected in the somewhat undecided position which for a time he took up between the court and the opposition parties. He helped to arrest Humphrey duke of Gloucester , at Bury St.
Edmunds in and, though Suffolk 's peace policy endangered his interests in France, held aloof from the Duke of York when he resorted to an armed demonstration in February William Worcester 22 dates the beginning of all the subsequent troubles from an incident which was a sequel to the marriage of Salisbury's second son, Sir Thomas Neville, to Maud Stanhope, niece of Ralph, lord Cromwell, and widow of Lord Willoughby de Eresby, at Tattershall, Cromwell's Lincolnshire seat. As Salisbury was returning to Middleham his followers came into collision with those of Thomas Percy, Lord Egremont, third son of the Earl of Northumberland , and his brother Richard, and a pitched battle ensued.
If, as seems most probable, this took place in August , it only brought to a head a quarrel which had already broken out between the two families. For as early as 7 June the privy council had ordered Egremont and Salisbury's second son, Sir John Neville afterwards Marquis of Montagu , to keep the peace and come at once to court. As soon as he became protector, the Duke of York on 1 April gave the great seal vacated by the death of Archbishop Kemp to Salisbury.
They alone signed his letters of protestation addressed to the Archbishop of Canterbury and the king , which they afterwards charged Somerset with keeping from the king's eye. Albans , and placed Henry in their power, rested not with Salisbury, but with Warwick , and from that day he was far less prominent in the Yorkist councils than his more energetic and popular son.
RBH Biography: Thomas Montacute, Earl of Salisbury ()
The renunciation of all resort to force was exacted from York and Warwick only, when Queen Margaret recovered control of the king in October , though Salisbury is said to have been present and to have retired to Middleham when York betook himself to Wigmore. Albans for the souls of those who had fallen in the battle. Fortunately for Salisbury, his son-in-law, Lord Stanley , remained inactive at Newcastle-under-Lyme with the Lancashire levies he had brought at the queen's command; and his brother William Stanley, with other local magnates, joined the earl.
Here he was attacked next morning by Lord Audley, whom Salisbury, according to Hall, 43 tempted across the brook by a feigned retreat, and then drove him in confusion down the slope before the rest of his troops had crossed the stream. The slaughter at all events was great. Of sixty-six men brought by Sir Richard Fitton of Gawsworth to the royal side, thirty-one perished. Salisbury's two sons, Sir John Neville and Sir Thomas Neville, either pursuing the fugitives or returning home wounded, were captured near Tarporley, and imprisoned in Chester Castle. Salisbury, his three sons, and his wife, who was accused of compassing the king's death at Middleham on 1 Aug.
His attainder was removed, and he was made Great Chamberlain of England. When the Lancastrians concentrated in Yorkshire and ravaged the lands of York and Salisbury, the protector, taking with him his brother-in-law, left London on 9 Dec. The night after the fatal battle fought there [see Battle of Wakefield ], on 30 Dec.
According to one account he was murdered in cold blood next day by the bastard of Exeter, his head cut off, and set up with others on one of the gates of York. But the commone peple of the cuntre, whych loved hym not, tooke hym owte of the castelle by violence and smote of his hed.
But his nephew John, Lord Neville, brother of the second Earl of Westmorland , who had fought against him at Wakefield , was rewarded for his loyalty with the office of constable of Sheriff-Hutton and Middleham Castles, along with other revenues from the Wensleydale estates of Salisbury. Warwick conveyed the bodies of his father and brother to Bisham early in , and buried them, with stately ceremony, in the presence of the Duke of Clarence and other great peers.
He never became popular, like his son. A Yorkist balladmaker in referred to him coldly as 'Richard, earl of Salisbury, called Prudence. Doyle, Official Baronage , iii. Dugdale, Baronage of England , i. Privy Council , iii. Gregory's Chronicle , ed. Gairdner, Camden Society, , p. Privy Council , iv. A Century of English History , i. Rotuli Parliamentorum , iv.
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Swallow, De Nova Villa , p. Privy Council , v. Excerpta Historica , pp. Paston Letters , I. William Worcester, in Stevenson's Wars in France , p. Privy Council , vi. An English Chronicle , ed. Hall's Chronicle , p. Earwaker, East Cheshire , ii.
Three Fifteenth Century Chronicles , p. Leland, Itinerary , ed.
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The chief loss fell on the Scots. The English and Burgundians entered the town in triumph and returned thanks for their victory. In , Salisbury's success continued and, early in the Spring, Montaguillon at last surrendered. The French having seized Verneuil in August, Thomas went to the help of the Regent, who sent him, with Suffolk, to Breteuil to watch the movements of the enemy.
On 17th, he took part in the Battle of Verneuil. The division under his command was attacked by the Vicomte de Narbonne, who was slain. The Earl bore the brunt of the battle and the victory of the English is attributed, by a warm admirer, to his ability and valour. Verneuil surrendered upon terms and Salisbury was forced to slay two or three of his men with his own hand, in order to prevent the rest from violating the conditions. His wife - probably his second wife - was with him.
She was a very handsome woman and the Duke courted her. Salisbury was deeply offended and is said to have repaid the Duke by taking part, with the Duke of Gloucester, against him. He took Etampes, Rambouillet and other places in the same district, and then made a campaign in the west, taking Beaumont le Vicomte, overrunning Maine and receiving the submission of Le Mans, Mayenne, St.
Suzanne and other places. In , Salisbury went to England to obtain reinforcements and took his seat at the Council on 15th July.
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He upheld Gloucester, who was then preparing to send an expedition to Holland, and declared himself ready to take the command, but the scheme was stopped by Bedford. The wages of his retinue in the campaign of had not yet been paid, and he presented a petition in Parliament for payment.
He was busy gathering a force, which he mustered at Sandwich in July, and sailed with spears and 2, archers. It was decided that he should lay siege to Angers and, accordingly, having been appointed 'Lieutenant-General for the Field,' he marched south-west from Paris and took Rambouillet, Nogent-le-Roi and other places.
Then he changed the plan of the campaign, turned towards Orleans, and decided, against the will of Bedford, to undertake the siege of that city. Thomas took Puiset by storm and hanged the garrison, battered Janville with his artillery and, though it was bravely defended, compelled it to capitulate on 29th August; by which date he had gained thirty-eight places "of one sort or another".
Pavan and Two Galliards, The Earl of Salisbury (Byrd, William)
Salisbury began the Siege of Orleans on the 12th and, on the 23rd, in spite of a repulse on the 21st, compelled the French to evacuate a position which defended Tourelles, the fortification at the southern end of the bridge. On 24th, he stormed Tourelles and ordered Glasdale to fortify and occupy it. While he was surveying the city from a window of Tourelles on 27th, a stone ball from a cannon shattered the stone and iron work of the window.
One of his eyes was destroyed and his face otherwise grievously wounded. He was carried to Meung and died there on 3rd November. As he lay dying, he exhorted the English captains by no means to give up the Siege. His body was conveyed to England and buried with much pomp with his father's in his Priory at Bisham in Berkshire. Well skilled in war and especially, it would seem from the records of his sieges, in the use of artillery. His support of the Duke of Gloucester was the result of his anger at a personal grievance; but this, combined with his apparently headstrong determination to besiege Orleans, seems to suggest that he was less great as a politician than as a commander.
Courteous, liberal and brave, he was beloved by his followers, and was, it seems, generally popular with his countrymen.