Gainesville's 'Old Joe' not alone; Civil War 'Silent Sentinels' abound, still on guard
Soon after, Walt Disney allowed his characters to appear in fire prevention public service campaigns. However, Bambi was only loaned to the government for a year, so a new symbol was needed. Smokey's debut poster was released on August 9, , which is considered the character's birthday. In it Smokey was depicted wearing jeans and a campaign hat ,   pouring a bucket of water on a campfire. During the spring of , Japanese submarines surfaced near the coast of Santa Barbara, California , and fired shells that exploded on an oil field, very close to the Los Padres National Forest.
In , the slogan associated with Smokey Bear for more than five decades was finally coined: The living symbol of Smokey Bear was a five-pound, three month old American black bear cub who was found in the spring of after the Capitan Gap fire , a wildfire that burned in the Capitan Mountains of New Mexico. Local crews who had come from New Mexico and Texas to fight the blaze removed the cub from the tree.
At first he was called Hotfoot Teddy , but he was later renamed Smokey, after the icon. Many people wrote and called asking about the cub's recovery. The state game warden wrote to the chief of the Forest Service, offering to present the cub to the agency as long as the cub would be dedicated to a conservation and wildfire prevention publicity program.
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Pickens, then assistant director of the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, he kept the cub on his property for a while, as Pickens would be flying with the bear to D. Louis zoo for an overnight fuel stop during the trip, and when he arrived at the National Zoo, several hundred spectators, including members of the Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, photographers, and media, were there to welcome him.
Smokey Bear lived at the National Zoo for 26 years. During that time he received millions of visitors as well as so many letters addressed to him more than 13, a week that in the United States Postal Service gave him his own ZIP code This facility is now a wildfire and Smokey interpretive center. In the garden adjacent to the interpretive center is the bear's grave. The Washington Post ran a semi-humorous obituary for Smokey, labeled "Bear", calling him a transplanted New Mexico native who had resided for many years in Washington, D.
It also mentioned his family, including his wife, Goldie Bear, and "adopted son" Little Smokey. The obituary noted that Smokey and Goldie were not blood-relatives, despite the fact that they shared the same "last name" of "Bear". In , Smokey was paired with a female bear, "Goldie Bear", with the hope that perhaps Smokey's descendants would take over the Smokey Bear title. On May 2, , Smokey Bear officially "retired" from his role as living icon, and the title, "Smokey Bear II", was bestowed upon Little Smokey in an official ceremony.
It is always fire season somewhere in the United States and every region of the country can experience unplanned wildfires. In recent years, Smokey Bear has expanded his digital presence, cultivating robust communities to communicate his wildfire prevention messaging. He provides education and tips on his website, SmokeyBear.
Including how to pick a campfire spot, how to prepare your campfire pit, how to build your campfire and how to maintain and extinguish your campfire. Equipment Use and Maintenance: Proper use and maintenance of outdoor equipment and vehicles can help prevent sparks that can cause a wildfire. Smokey shares lawn care and vehicle safety tips, as well as how to prepare your home for wildfire. Get information on the proper conditions for burning, what and what not to burn, clearance tips, preparing your pile, and other at-home safety tips. To learn whether there are burn restrictions in place near you, check local ordinances.
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The character became a notable part of American popular culture in the s. He appeared on radio programs, in comic strips, and in cartoons. In , after Smokey Bear attracted considerable commercial interest, the Smokey Bear Act , an act of Congress , was passed to remove the character from the public domain and place it under the control of the Secretary of Agriculture. The act provided for the use of Smokey's royalties for continued education on the subject of forest wildfire prevention. A Smokey Bear doll was produced by Ideal Toys beginning in ; the doll included a mail-in card for children to become Junior forest rangers.
Children could also apply by writing the U. Forest Service or Smokey Bear at his zip code. In , the first children's book was published, followed by many sequels and coloring books. Soon thousands of dolls, toys, and other collectibles were on the market. Smokey's name and image are used for the Smokey Bear Awards , which are awarded by the U. He has six 1 hits and eight Top 10 singles to his credit. He has earned multiple RIAA platinum and gold certifications for his hit albums and singles.
Never Gets Old CD. Back to general view. Write a review Question about an item? Add to wish list. Money-back guarantee Customer call centre Shipping within EU: The Crimson Tide would repeat as champions in after defeating Nebraska in the Orange Bowl. Coming off back-to-back national championship seasons, Bryant's Alabama team went undefeated in , and defeated a strong Nebraska team 34—7 in the Sugar Bowl. However, Alabama finished third in the nation behind national co-champions Michigan State and Notre Dame , who had previously played to a 10—10 tie in a late regular season game.
In a biography of Bryant written by Allen Barra, the author suggests that the major polling services refused to elect Alabama as National Champion for a third straight year because of George Wallace's recent stands against integration . The team was billed as another national championship contender with star quarterback Kenny Stabler returning, but the team stumbled out of the gate and tied Florida State 37—37 at Legion Field.
In , Bryant again could not match his previous successes, as the team went 8—3, losing to the University of Missouri 35—10 in the Gator Bowl. The and teams finished 6—5 and 6—5—1 respectively. After these disappointing efforts, many began to wonder if the year-old Bryant was washed up.
He himself began feeling the same way and considered either retiring from coaching or leaving college football for the NFL. For years, Bryant was accused of racism  for refusing to recruit black players, but he merely said that the prevailing social climate and the overwhelming presence of noted segregationist George C. Wallace , first as governor and then as a presidential candidate, did not let him do this.
He finally was able to convince the administration to allow him to do so after scheduling the Tide's season opener against a strong University of Southern California team led by black fullback Sam Cunningham. Cunningham rushed for yards and three touchdowns in a 42—21 victory against the overmatched Tide. After that season, Bryant was able to recruit Wilbur Jackson as Alabama's first black scholarship player, and junior-college transfer John Mitchell became the first black man to play for Alabama.
By , one-third of the team's starters were black, and Mitchell became the Tide's first black coach that season. In , Bryant began engineering a comeback. This included abandoning Alabama's old power offense for the relatively new wishbone formation.
10 facts about 'Old Joe'
Darrell Royal , the Texas football coach whose assistant Emory Bellard virtually invented the wishbone, taught Bryant its basics, but Bryant developed successful variations of the wishbone that even Royal had never used. That season, Alabama went undefeated and earned a 2 ranking, but lost to 1 Nebraska , 38—6 in the Orange Bowl.
The team would go on to split national championships in Notre Dame defeated Alabama in the Sugar Bowl , and the UPI thereafter stopped giving national championships until after all the games for the season had been played — including bowl games and despite losing a regular season matchup against national co-champion USC and win it outright in after a Sugar Bowl victory over Arkansas. Bryant's win over in-state rival Auburn University , coached by former Bryant assistant Pat Dye on November 28, was Bryant's th as a head coach, which was the most of any head coach at that time.
His all-time record as a coach was Bryant was a heavy smoker and drinker, and his health began to decline in the late s. He collapsed of a cardiac episode in and decided to enter alcohol rehab , but after a few months of sobriety, he resumed drinking. Bryant experienced a mild stroke in that weakened the left side of his body and another cardiac episode in and was taking a battery of medications in his final years.
Shortly before his death, Bryant met with evangelist Robert Schuller on a plane flight and the two talked extensively about religion, which apparently had a considerable impression on the coach, who felt considerable guilt over his mistreatment of the Junction Boys and hiding his smoking and drinking habits from his mother. After a sixth-place SEC finish in the season that included losses to LSU and Tennessee each for the first time since , Bryant, who had turned 69 that September, decided to retire, stating, "This is my school, my alma mater. I love it and I love my players.
But in my opinion, they deserved better coaching than they have been getting from me this year. After the game, Bryant was asked what he planned to do now that he was retired. He replied "Probably croak in a week. Four weeks after making that comment, and just one day after passing a routine medical checkup, on January 25, , Bryant checked into Druid City Hospital in Tuscaloosa after experiencing chest pain.
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A day later, when being prepared for an electrocardiogram, he died after suffering a massive heart attack. His personal physician, Dr.
William Hill, said that he was amazed that Bryant had been able to coach Alabama to two national championships in the last five years of his life with the state of his health. A month after his death, Bryant was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom , the nation's highest civilian award, by President Ronald Reagan.
In , Bryant filed a libel suit against The Saturday Evening Post for printing an article by Furman Bisher "College Football is Going Berserk" that charged him with encouraging his players to engage in brutality in a game against the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets. As a result of Curtis Publishing Co. The case is considered a landmark case because it expanded the definition of who can be considered a "public figure" in libel cases.
Many of Bryant's former players and assistant coaches went on to become head coaches at the collegiate level and in the National Football League.
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Arizona Cardinals head coach Bruce Arians was a running backs coach under Bryant in — Ozzie Newsome is active as the general manager of the Baltimore Ravens. In a interview with Time magazine, Bryant admitted that he had been too hard on the Junction Boys and "If I were one of their players, I probably would have quit too.
In his 38 seasons as a head coach, Bryant had 37 winning seasons and participated in a total of 29 postseason bowl games , including 24 consecutively at Alabama. He won 15 bowl games, including eight Sugar Bowls. Bryant still holds the records as the youngest college football head coach to win games and compile 30 winning seasons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bear Bryant Bryant with his trademark houndstooth hat. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. The Life of Paul "Bear" Bryant. Retrieved January 22, Retrieved May 20, Retrieved January 15, I Remember Paul "Bear" Bryant.