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Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new or current image and biography. Learn more at Author Central. All Formats Kindle Edition Sort by: Popularity Popularity Featured Price: Low to High Price: High to Low Avg. A Cat called Puppy Mar 20, Some water bears eat microscopic animals, while others consume algae. Some animals have been sent up as part of experiments designed by students, others by NASA and other countries. By , the space shuttle program had flown over two dozen SpaceLab experimental packages. Nearly all of the experiments were designed with one main purpose in mind: Some of the biological functions that have been studied are to name just a few: Two bullfrogs were launched on a one-way mission to learn more about space motion sickness.
Two garden spiders named Arabella and Anita were used to study how orbiting earth would impact spiders' ability to spin webs. Arabella spun a fairly symmetric web even though the thread thickness varied — something that earthbound spiders don't experience.
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Ten newts flew on board the Bion 7. Their front limbs were amputated in order to study regeneration in space to better understand how humans might recover from space injuries.
More than 2, creatures joined in 16 days of neurological testing alongside the seven-member human crew of the shuttle Columbia. Microscopic creatures commonly known as water bears tardigrades survived a day exposure to open space.
The creatures are known to have the ability to withstand extreme conditions, including dehydration, and still recover and reproduce. The animals were dried out and re-hydrated after surviving cosmic rays, a near vacuum, and freezing temperatures. Animals continue to be studied in space today on the International Space Station, and in other facilities.
Some recent experiments include: Laika, a mixed-breed dog, was the first living being in orbit. She was launched on the Soviet Union's Sputnik 2 mission in November The early telemetry indicated that Laika was agitated but eating her food. The Soviet scientists had planned to euthanise Laika with a poisoned serving of food.
For many years, the Soviet Union gave conflicting statements that she had died either from asphyxia ,  when the batteries failed, or that she had been euthanised. Many rumours circulated about the exact manner of her death. In , several Russian sources reported that Laika had died when the cabin overheated on the fourth orbit.follow site
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According to a paper he presented to the World Space Congress in Houston, Texas , "It turned out that it was practically impossible to create a reliable temperature control system in such limited time constraints. Over five months later, after 2, orbits, Sputnik 2—including Laika's remains—disintegrated during re-entry on 14 April Due to the overshadowing issue of the Soviet vs. Space Race , the ethical issues raised by this experiment went largely unaddressed for some time. As newspaper clippings from show, the press was initially focused on reporting the political perspective, while the health and retrieval—or lack thereof—of Laika only became an issue later.
Sputnik 2 was not designed to be retrievable, and Laika had always been intended to die. Animal rights groups at the time called on members of the public to protest at Soviet embassies.
The first animal astronauts
In the Soviet Union, there was less controversy. Neither the media, books in the following years, nor the public openly questioned the decision to send a dog into space. In , after the collapse of the Soviet regime, Oleg Gazenko , one of the scientists responsible for sending Laika into space, expressed regret for allowing her to die:. Work with animals is a source of suffering to all of us.
We treat them like babies who cannot speak. The more time passes, the more I'm sorry about it. We shouldn't have done it We did not learn enough from this mission to justify the death of the dog.
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In other Warsaw Pact countries, open criticism of the Soviet space program was difficult because of political censorship, but there were notable cases of criticism in Polish scientific circles. Laika is memorialised in the form of a statue and plaque at Star City, Russia , the Russian Cosmonaut training facility. Future space missions carrying dogs would be designed to be recovered.
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Four other dogs died in Soviet space missions: Bars and Lisichka were killed when their R-7 rocket exploded shortly after launch on 28 July ;  Pchyolka and Mushka died when Korabl-Sputnik 3 was purposely destroyed with an explosive charge to prevent foreign powers from inspecting the capsule after a wayward atmospheric reentry trajectory on 1 December Although never shown, Laika is prominently mentioned in the film My Life as a Dog , in which the main character a young Swedish boy in the late s identifies strongly with the dog.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Laika disambiguation. In November , Laika became the first animal launched into Earth orbit, paving the way for human spaceflight during the upcoming years. This photograph shows her in a flight harness. Soviet manned space programs. List of Soviet and Russian cosmonauts.