Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Language. The Devilry, Unknown and Cross Force. Retrieved October 29, Explanatory Dictionary of the Armenian Language. Retrieved October 24, Retrieved October 27, Explanatory Dictionary of Armenian Synonyms. Retrieved October 25, Second, the Commission will enhance the exchange of information and best practices on enforcement measures and explore the benefits and possible limits of responsive enforcement measures, such as payment blocking and disabling access to websites, at EU level. The Commission has recently set up an expert group on gambling services composed of Member States' competent authorities which are responsible for regulating such services.
This expert group will bring about an exchange of experiences and good practices, including on national enforcement policies. What reforms to the state aid framework are needed to ensure that our companies are not at a disadvantage compared with their international competitors? The Commission agrees on the need to reverse the cycle of business relocations and job losses, and that re-establishing industrial competitiveness should be a main driver of recovery and growth in the coming years.
Improving our competitiveness is crucial for the recovery of industry. The proposed industrial policy focuses notably on reversing the trend by improving framework conditions. In particular it is proposed to focus on: The objective is to foster industrial competitiveness. The purpose of EU state aid control is to prevent distortions of competition in the internal market.
The package will contain a series of guidelines for modernising the European social model, basing its approach on the sustainability of budgets for social policies;. Will the social policy budget sustainability advocated by the Commission entail the possibility of imposing sanctions on countries which do not meet the targets for combating poverty? Simplified and better targeted social policies, to provide adequate and sustainable social protection systems.
Some countries have better social outcomes than others despite having similar or lower budgets, demonstrating that there is room for more efficient social policy spending. Improving people's integration in society and the labour market. Affordable quality childcare and education, prevention of early school leaving, training and job-search assistance, housing support and accessible healthcare are all policy areas with a strong social investment dimension.
Ensuring that social protection systems respond to people's needs at critical moments throughout their lives. Preventing and preparing people against risks reduces the need for higher social spending once hardship has occurred. The communication offers guidance to Member States on how best to use EU financial support, notably from the European Social Fund, to implement the outlined objectives.
The Commission will closely monitor the performance of individual Member States' social protection systems through the European Semester and formulate, where necessary, Country Specific Recommendations. As concerns the possibility of imposing sanctions on countries which do not meet the targets for combating poverty, it should be noted that there are no binding country specific poverty targets to underpin the overall EU target for fighting poverty and social exclusion.
Does this initiative entail any reciprocal measures for the third countries concerned? Visa facilitation for legitimate travellers, as proposed in the communication mentioned by the Honourable Member, will not threaten the EU's security or increase risks of irregular migration. These facilitations aim at shortening, easing and streamlining procedures, but do not affect the issuing conditions: Member States' consulates are responsible for verifying this using, for example, the supporting documents submitted by applicants or a personal interview. This practice will continue in the future.
The Visa Information System VIS will support the work of consulates to ensure that the application process is not abused. Information stored in the VIS, including biometrics, is systematically checked at the external borders. The EES will aim to permit the accurate and reliable calculation of authorised stays as well as identification and verification of third-country travellers. The RTP will aim to facilitate border crossings for frequent, pre-vetted and pre-screened third-country travellers at the external border.
Reciprocity is an essential element of visa policy. Similarly, when visa facilitation is granted to citizens of a third country, that country must provide at least the same level of visa facilitation to EU citizens. The digital age has brought with it an unprecedented deluge of data, with information produced by millions of people on blogs and social networks and then distributed through computer servers;. It is crucial to know where, how and with what guarantees for preservation all of these data are stored;. Databases containing classified information, such as State secrets, hold sensitive information;.
Some Member States have decided to hand over the management of these databases to private-sector companies;. Given that this situation runs the risk of large corporations — which have the financial power to set up huge data centres — encroaching on the role of States, what measures does the Commission plan in order to defend an ethical approach to holding information? The proposed regulation addresses the issues raised by the Honourably Member as regards the protection of personal data.
It will be good for business and citizens by ensuring a level playing field and by reducing administrative burden and compliance costs throughout Europe for businesses, while ensuring a high level of protection for individuals and giving them more control over their data. Increased transparency of data processing will also help increase consumer trust and untap the potential of the digital market further. The new legal framework will provide for the necessary conditions for the adoption of codes of conduct and standards, also for cloud computing, where stakeholders see a need for certification schemes that verify that the provider has implemented the appropriate IT security standards and safeguards for data transfers.
In Greece, this stability fund has been granted an extension of loan maturities and a deferral of interest payments. The stability fund represents about one third of the value of the Portugal bailout. Is it possible for Portugal, like Greece, to be granted a deadline extension and deferral of interest payments on the bailout component corresponding to the financial stabilisation fund, which represents about one third of the value of the bailout offered to Portugal?
The request has been positively received by the Ecofin Council and the European Commission is currently assessing the available options from the perspective of the legal and operational feasibility. The fragmentation of the eurozone is stark: France and Germany have been able to lower the cost of financing their sovereign debt substantially and even where the shorter maturities of German bonds Bunds are concerned, investors accept negative yields, while Spain, Italy and Ireland are seeing the yield of their bonds increase and the risk of defaulting on their debt rise.
Where are the various mechanisms designed to solve sovereign debt-related problems going so badly wrong that these disparities remain? The Commission shares the Honourable Member's view that fragmentation of the euro-area financial markets is a source of concern. However, a number of indicators improved over the past few months and might help to decrease fragmentation, e.
There is a strong commitment to continue with fiscal consolidation and structural reforms within the euro area, as well as to advancing with building the genuine Economic and Monetary Union so that reinforced investor confidence allows the recent improvement in financial markets to become more long-lasting and ultimately being more supportive to the real economy. The SSM will be fully in place mid It is a precondition for a possible direct recapitalisation of banks by the ESM.
Moreover, the Commission has started working on the next critical part of the Banking Union, a Single Resolution Mechanism SRM to resolve banks, and will present a legislative proposal before the summer. Although its exports in totalled a record What type of mechanism could Portugal use together with its EU partners to increase its exports, and which would also help the country to climb out of economic recession? Notwithstanding the good export performance since , which, according to the latest Commission forecast, is set to be maintained in the coming years, the share of exports in GDP is still relatively small in Portugal compared to countries of a similar size.
In the context of the Economic Adjustment Programme, the Portuguese authorities endeavour a rebalancing of the economy towards the tradables sector. This requires permanent gains in external competitiveness and a reallocation of resources labour, capital and financing to the tradables sector.
The Portuguese authorities can act on several levels. Further details can be found in the memorandum of understanding. According to Commission figures, investment in Portugal is now at the level it was in the mids. And for the financial assistance programme to succeed properly in Portugal, growth — which is supposed to take place as of — is vital.
Can the Commission state what can be done at EU level to help private investment in Portugal return to levels that support economic growth and job creation? Does the Commission not believe that, since Portugal has been exemplary in implementing the agreement set out in the memorandum of understanding signed with the Troika , new decisions now have to be weighed up so that the sought-after growth can take place?
The Commission expects this decline to bottom out towards the end of this year as a result of investment picking up in the export sector where companies are start hitting at capacity constraints. A pre-condition for investment to gather pace is that lending conditions applied by banks become less restrictive. Against this background, the Economic Adjustment Programme for Portugal envisages a number of initiatives aimed at easing lending conditions, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises SMEs.
On the EU-level Portugal is being helped by the re-channelling of structural funds towards sectors with a high growth potential.
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For instance, a number of measures have been adopted in the recent reprogramming of the Structural Funds so as to encourage job creation and alleviate financing conditions for SMEs. Additional funds have also been allocated to the programmes aimed at promoting Research and Development and upgrading Human Capital. Such losses cannot be justified, and they frequently go with distortions in the internal market.
Therefore, the Commission presented the abovementioned Action Plan which includes 34 actions for the immediate, short term, medium term and long term. The Commission believes that the implementation of these Recommendations would enable Member States to better tackle the issues described. Desemprego em Portugal em outubro de The unemployment rate in Portugal rose to These figures are clearly terrible, revealing the harmful effect of excessive austerity which is not offset by economic growth measures.
Does it believe that implementing any financial assistance plans is compatible with unemployment rates of this scale? The Commission agrees with the Honourable Member that unemployment has reached very worrying levels in Portugal. The unemployment rate has been rising, having reached Several measures have been adopted to reform the labour market in line with the Economic Adjustment Programme for Portugal with the aim of improving labour market functioning and fostering employment. Additionally, the Portuguese Government started a reform of Public Employment Services with a view to increasing its efficiency and has adopted a number of Active Labour Market Policies aimed at supporting employment creation, strengthening activation and offering more effective training opportunities.
Moreover, a recent reprogramming of the Structural Funds was approved at the end of with the aim of alleviating the adverse effects of the ongoing adjustment process in the Portuguese economy. Its main goals are to tackle youth unemployment and alleviate the financing conditions for small and medium-sized enterprises. Looking at the countries for which comparable data are available, Portugal was, in the third quarter, the country experiencing the second greatest fall compared with the previous quarter after the Netherlands , and the country experiencing the second greatest fall compared with the previous year after Greece.
According to the Eurostat data, several EU States are already clearly in recession:. Does it not consider that, even bearing in mind the aim of there being different levels of financial assistance, this trend could jeopardise the European project? The annual and quarterly national accounts of Member States compiled by Eurostat are a major source of economic information. The fall of euro area GDP in the third quarter of was largely anticipated in the Commission autumn forecast.
GDP growth was negative in a number of countries, implying a GDP decline in the euro area as a whole. However, some signals of stabilisation have appeared recently. The tensions on euro-area financial markets have eased considerably since last summer, and business and consumer confidence indicators in the last three months have increased. There is visible progress in the adjustment of large external imbalances.
Current accounts in deficit countries are expected to narrow further as adjustment is increasingly supported by a recovery of competitiveness and shifts of resources towards the production of tradable goods and services. The contribution to the adjustment of surplus countries is also expected to grow over time.
Many ambitious structural reforms have already been adopted, with the beneficial effects expected to gradually become visible over time. It remains important to facilitate this adjustment while at the same time strengthening the foundations of sustainable growth and job creation. According to Eurostat, Portugal currently has the third highest percentage of people living in poverty of any country in the eurozone.
Last year, almost 2. The indicator has fallen compared to In the last three years, it has fallen by 1. Portugal has the third worst indicator in the eurozone, after Spain Does the Commission not consider that such glaring disparities constitute grounds for greater efforts to correct cohesion policy implementation? The Commission shares the concerns of the Honourable Member. One in four citizens living at risk of poverty or social exclusion is definitely a signal that more efforts must be undertaken to improve the situation.
The Commission has been supporting Portugal as a programme-country, by speeding up the release of EU funding, increasing co-financing rates and approving a reprogramming of the National Strategic Reference Framework NSRF that provides additional funds for the fight against poverty. The Commission Services are also cooperating closely with Portugal's authorities encouraging them to use the existing resources in the current programmes to the best use to fight against youth unemployment, early school leaving and other measures to combat poverty. In view of the future, the Commission proposed last year new rules for Structural Funds and the ESF over the next programming period The ESF should concentrate on the fight against unemployment, in particular among the young, along with improving the quality of education and training and the integration of people at risk of poverty and socially excluded.
Does the Commission consider that such disappointing forecasts, in a country that has proven to be a real driving force for Europe, could cause collateral damage in the form of austerity policies implemented in other countries, having a detrimental effect on the single market?
Does the Commission consider that such forecasts should allow for the possibility in the near future of reweighting the plans drawn up for Europe's economies in greatest difficulty? The release of new economic indicators or data revisions might entail a revision of an economic forecast. This update will not only factor in the assessment of new data releases, but also consider the economic and commercial relationship between all the Member States, including those with Germany, as well as the impact of policy measures in individual countries.
Economic developments in Germany affect the economies of other Member States and vice versa. Despite its intact fundamentals, the German economy does not escape the current slowdown of global economic activity and the prevailing uncertainty in the euro area. The growth prospects of all Member States depend on dealing decisively with the sovereign debt crisis and demonstrating that the Euro is a stable and strong currency whose members are determined and capable of implementing sound economic policies.
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Comparing the second half of the year, GDP was down 0. The Commission is continuously monitoring the Portuguese economy in the context of the Commission services' forecast exercises and the quarterly reviews carried out under the Economic Adjustment Programme for Portugal. Although data for the final quarter of have not yet been published, economic developments in the past year appear to have been in line with the forecast produced by the Commission in spring This holds in particular for exports, which benefitted from improvements in price competitiveness but decelerated in the second semester following the deterioration of the external environment, as well as for domestic demand, which, as projected, was weak due to the effects of fiscal consolidation and the weak labour market.
As a consequence, only minor adjustments to the growth outlook were necessary in the Commission's autumn forecast. The forecast projects that the downward trend of the Portuguese economy will come to a halt in the second half of with the recovery gathering pace in The situation in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo is once again very serious. We have to start working more actively to effectively resolve it.
It is common knowledge that the personal relationship between the rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda and Rwandan President Paul Kagame is fairly deep and goes back to the time when they were active together in the Rwandan Patriotic Front. The EU remains concerned about the security and humanitarian situation in eastern Congo and is firmly committed to contribute to sustainable solutions for the Eastern DRC crisis and its regional implications. The EU decided to postpone all new decisions on additional budget support to Rwanda, while we seek reassurances from Rwanda about its role and its constructive engagement in the search of solutions in the eastern DRC.
Wie soll sichergestellt werden, dass sich diese Probleme nicht auf den Linienbusverkehr auswirken? Trade unions are concerned about the prospect of large-scale wage dumping in the bus and coach sector. According to the association, German companies are already using foreign drivers — paid at the wage levels of their home countries — on routes within Germany, and this is expected to increase further as the coach market is opened up.
One major German bus company has already stated that it will get its drivers from the Portuguese labour market. The revision of the Passenger Transport Act, which opened up the coach market, simply ignored key elements such as protecting drivers' pay and social standards. How does the Commission intend to proceed against wage dumping in the bus and coach sector, and what specific actions are planned in this connection? How does the Commission propose to ensure better protection for bus and coach drivers' pay and social standards?
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The Commission considers the opening up of the coach market in Germany as a positive development. The free movement of workers gives every citizen the right to move freely to another Member State to work and reside there for that purpose and protects them against discrimination as regards employment, remuneration and other working conditions in comparison to nationals of that Member State.
The abovementioned acts provide a comprehensive set of rules on the protection of workers especially when moving from their home country in search of employment. The Commission will be closely following any such case brought to its attention in order to secure that the rights of the employees concerned are protected. Programas de Desarrollo Rural: Programy pro rozvoj venkova: In the absence of a new programme and support measures, these farmers will have no alternative rural development support scheme to apply for when their existing commitments end in What arrangements will the Commission put in place to ensure that the environmental gains achieved by the previous Rural Development Programmes are maintained, and the income of these farmers safeguarded?
If these schemes are not extended, what impact will this policy gap have on farmers and rural dwellers? At this moment in time, it is difficult to anticipate any possible delays in the adoption of the legal framework for the rural development policy. The Commission is doing its utmost to accelerate adoption of rural development regulation. Delays would create a risk of a late start of the implementation of rural development programmes. Considerations in particular regarding the measures related to areas which ensure specific environmentally friendly practices or land management in general are taking place in the context of broader discussions with the Member States about the CAP proposals and how to best bridge the two programming periods, and Reimbursements of expenditure incurred by Member States by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development will be possible after the programmes are approved.
I have recently been advised of the possible closure of the Animals Asia Vietnam Bear Rescue Centre in Chat Dau Valley in Tam Dao National Park, Vietnam, to make way for a commercial development project following the declaration of the land as an area of national defence significance. This is the only rescue centre in Vietnam dedicated solely to rescuing bears, and houses rescued moon bears.
Before their rescue, these bears had been kept in small cages and painfully drained of their bile for the bile trade. The closure of this centre would entail the eviction of the rescued bears. Given that these bears have undergone years of rehabilitation at the Rescue Centre, relocating them would submit them to renewed mental and physical suffering. Animals Asia has been working with the Vietnamese Government to end the practice of bear bile farming in Vietnam since In that regard, what steps will the Commission be taking to ensure that the rescued bears can continue to be rehabilitated at the Animals Asia Vietnam Bear Rescue Centre?
De Nederlandse pers maakte onlangs gewag van de fraudegevoeligheid van sommige biovergisters door het gebruik van steeds meer gevaarlijk afval in deze vergisters. Als consequentie daarvan ontstaan er steeds meer risico's voor de menselijke gezondheid en voor het milieu, speciaal door bodemverontreiniging. Acht de Commissie het aan de hand van deze berichten nodig nadere wetgeving voor te stellen om de ongewenste consequenties van biogasopwekking tegen te gaan?
Acht de Commissie de huidige wetgeving adequaat in verband met de door de jaren heen geuitte kritiek dat het digestaat wordt aangemerkt als dierlijke mest en niet als een heel ander product, wat het eigenlijk is? De Commissie acht aanvullende wetgeving op dit gebied niet noodzakelijk, aangezien het verbod op het mengen van gevaarlijke afvalstoffen door de bevoegde autoriteiten van de lidstaten moet worden afgedwongen. Reports have recently appeared in the Dutch press concerning the susceptibility to fraud of some biogas plants due to the use of increasingly hazardous waste in them.
As a result, more and more risks are arising to human health and the environment, particularly because of soil pollution. In the light of these reports, does the Commission consider it necessary to propose legislation with the aim of combating the undesirable effects of biogas production? Does the Commission consider the existing legislation to be adequate, in view of the criticism which has been expressed over the years that the digestate is classified as manure and not as a completely different product, which it is in reality?
The Commission is not aware of cases of usage of hazardous waste in the biogas plants in Netherlands or in other EU Member States. The Commission does not see a need for additional legislation in this area as the mixing ban should be enforced by the competent autorities of the Member States.
Det Forenede Kongeriges samlede nettobidrag til EU-budgettet samt nettobidraget per indbygger. Det synes dog irrelevant at sammenligne Det Forenede Kongeriges eller enhver anden medlemsstats bidrag til og modtagne midler fra EU-budgettet med Norge. Norge bidrager kun til visse specifikke programmer, som landet deltager i. The same statement by the minister is quoted in The Economist. Exactly the same argument has been presented by a Danish EU expert, but this claim was disputed shortly afterwards by the Danish public service radio station, Danmarks Radio DR.
In addition, the Commission is asked to provide precise figures for the following:. The latest version of the financial report can be found under the following link:. Norway only contributes to a few specific programmes in which it participates. The crisis in the car industry is producing victims: According to a forecast by the Centre of Automotive Management, the situation in Europe is likely only to deteriorate further in In Europe, at least five or eight plants will become superfluous, which in times of crisis will impose an excessive financial burden on manufacturers.
There are a number of structural transformations taking place in the European Union's automotive industry, mainly as a result of the present macroeconomic conditions, most of which are related to structural overcapacity. These pillars include actions aimed at the promotion of investment in advanced technologies and innovation for clean vehicles; improving market conditions; supporting industry in accessing the global market; and promoting investment in skills and training. For example, the fourth pillar of the CARS Action Plan deals with anticipating adaptation and managing restructuring.
It contains actions with a long-term horizon, notably to ensure that the car industry's workforce keeps abreast of the technological changes. The Commission is now working on the implementation of the policies announced. Since the adoption in of a joint action by the Council on combating trafficking in human beings and the sexual exploitation of children, a large number of initiatives have been mounted with a view to addressing these forms of crime. Does the Commission have information on the state of play with regard to the implementation of the directive in the various Member States and on any difficulties that may have arisen in the process?
The European Commission has supported numerous projects on trafficking in human beings under a number of EU financial instruments. Various projects on trafficking are also funded under the Daphne Programme: The focus has been on support and training for the enactment of anti-trafficking legislation, investigation and prosecution, and on support, protection and assistance to victims of trafficking in human beings. The Commission will subsequently submit a report to the European Parliament and the Council, assessing the extent to which the Member States have taken the necessary measures to comply with the directive.
The steel industry provides around jobs and is a crucial economic sector for the European Union. In the context of the European Union's current industrial policy, it is strategically vital to prevent the relocation of steel plants and production outside the European Union and to ensure the security of the workforce, and in terms of EU environment policy, it is equally essential to ensure that the ecological balance is enhanced. In this light, what is the Commission's strategy to boost growth and employment in the steel industry during the current economic crisis and ensure that it is compatible with the health and safety of all EU citizens?
The Commission shares the views of the Honourable Member with regards to the importance of the steel industry, of preventing relocation, ensuring the security of the workforce and enhancing the ecological balance. The European Parliament participated in the work of the two meetings in during which the Roundtable carried out an assessment of key challenges and factors affecting the competitiveness of the sector. The most important steel producing Member States have participated in this exercise as observers alongside representatives of the European Parliament.
The recommendations of the High Level Roundtable will be made public upon adoption by Group. The action plan will set up an EU-wide policy strategy aiming to ensure that the right framework conditions are in place. It will then be forwarded to the European Parliament and the Council for the appropriate action. Las consultas a nivel nacional quedaron a cargo de los Estados miembros. Die Mittel betreffen die bereits erfolgte Umverteilung. Die Konsultationen auf nationaler Ebene waren Aufgabe der Mitgliedstaaten. Informazioni sulle misure per combattere la disoccupazione giovanile. Le consultazioni a livello nazionale sono state affidate agli Stati membri.
Il Parlamento ha dibattuto la Garanzia per i giovani e ha adottato a gennaio una risoluzione al suo appoggio. De Commissie heeft de belanghebbenden geraadpleegd, inclusief het Europees Jeugdforum. De raadplegingen op nationaal niveau werden overgelaten aan de lidstaten. Na stronie internetowej DG ds. Informacije o ukrepih za spoprijem z brezposelnostjo mladih. Komisija je na neuradnem vrhu Evropskega sveta Predsednik Barroso je Komisija se je posvetovala z zainteresiranimi stranmi, tudi z Evropskim mladinskim forumom. Parlament je razpravljal o jamstvu za mlade in ga podprl z januarja sprejeto resolucijo.
These relate to re-programming which has already taken place, a limited number of further requests for reprogramming have recently been submitted, notably by Spain and Italy and are awaiting Commission decision. The Commission consulted the stakeholders including the European Youth Forum. Consultations at national level were left to Member States.
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The Parliament debated the Youth Guarantee and adopted a resolution supporting it in January. Can the Commission advise me as to why, when Parliament insisted in that EU rules on flight time limitations FTL could only be set at a minimum level, allowing Member States to maintain or adopt stricter safety standards if they so wished, this will no longer be possible under the new EU rules? This will no longer be possible under the new EU rules. Countries will be forced to adopt the same regulations, even when they are weaker than those currently in place, as is the case in the UK. The Agency believes that the proposed rules would provide a robust, balanced and realistic basis for European operators, equivalent to most exigent safest EU national regimes.
These views are shared by most Member States, including the UK. As it is the case today under EU-OPS, the revised FTL rules would be without prejudice to more protective social legislation, including stringent collective labour agreements. The Commission is currently assessing the opinion released by EASA with a view to prepare a draft legislative measure to be adopted under the relevant comitilogy rules. Der Kommission ist das von der Frau Abgeordneten beschriebene Problem nicht bekannt. There are more and more Polish building companies using employees from third countries, especially Ukraine, Belarus, Georgia, Moldavia and the Russian Federation.
Polish seasonal employment laws allow nationals of these countries to work for up to six months a year in Poland without a work permit. After working for one month in Poland they can be posted to Germany in order to provide services. Such contracts are only subject to limited social security contributions or none at all, and employees have no protection under labour law.
Not only is this dubious interpretation inconsistent with Polish law, it is also in breach of European standards. As a result, A1 certificates of Polish social security rights are only issued for contractors not paying social security contributions. These certificates are fully binding and completely exclude application of German social security legislation. This means that Polish employees can post their employees to Germany without having to pay social security costs, thus disadvantaging employees and leading to distortions of competition. How can the posting of bogus self-employed persons from third countries be prevented?
The requested institution is obliged to reply within a fixed deadline. Regarding the right of establishment and the right to provide services, the underlying principle is non-discrimination between the Member States, while OCT nationals can be prioritised over Member State nationals. However, no provision seems to have been made in the OAD with regard to the free movement of workers.
In the absence of specific provisions in the OAD with regard to the free movement of workers, does the Commission consider that the principle of non-discrimination, adapted in the same way as for the freedom of establishment and to provide services, applies here. If not, do the OCTs have the right to discriminate between EU citizens in accordance with their local law? No such act has hitherto been adopted by the Council.
The Overseas Association Decision currently in force does not include provisions regulating the freedom of movement of workers. These laws determine whether different treatment [of nationals of EU Member States and the inhabitants of the respective OCTs] is allowed or prohibited with regard to the free movement of workers. Protection des PME contre les escroqueries. Every day, businesses, professionals and civil society organisations in the European Union fall victim to mass marketing fraud.
The figures point to a new trend that could affect businesses worldwide. They are the main driver of economic growth and their rights should be protected. How does the Commission intend to improve the enforcement of the rules aimed at combating misleading commercial practices across borders? How does the Commission intend to strengthen the rules prohibiting specific practices? With regard to the enforcement and as a preliminary step, the Commission intends to establish an ad hoc informal cooperation among Member States to share information and coordinate actions.
Moreover, the Commission, in view of its preparation for a legislative proposal, has launched an extensive impact assessment process to identify the best policy options. The Commission already consulted stakeholders in an extensive public consultation at the end of The Commission will equally now fully involve stakeholders, and in particular SMEs, as well as the Member States in the preparation process for a legislative proposal. To this end, the Commission has launched an SME Test Panel asking small and medium-sized enterprises about misleading marketing practices.
Chaque semaine, les arbitres de football sont victimes de leur hobby et certains le payent de leur vie. At another match the previous week, the father of a young year-old player attacked another referee, who was then hospitalised. Such events have unfortunately become common. Every week, football referees are victims of their hobby and some are paying with their lives. To follow up on this declaration, will the Commission make an official statement on this profusion of violence of which referees are the victims?
Could the Commission not set up a working group with the relevant football authorities to ascertain what might be the most suitable tools for combating this scourge? Coal companies stripped down the forests to erect simply designed houses, schools and churches, all within close proximity of the mines. Since most towns, such as Mohegan, were built in isolated areas, miners and their families were totally dependent on the companies for all services. Some companies took much better care of miners and their families by building swimming pools, movie theaters and parks.
Houses in these model towns included indoor plumbing, electricity and sewer systems. All life in company towns revolved around the company-owned store. Since these towns were located in isolated areas, the company store offered the only option for buying groceries, mining tools and other goods. Most company stores also contained the local post office and payroll office. As the only store in town, companies were not threatened by competition. They often charged exorbitant prices compared to what people in cities paid for the same items. Company stores could provide anything a miner and his family might need, ranging from washing machines to shoes to medicine.
Most miners eventually earned enough to buy cars, which allowed them to visit local service towns such as Welch, Beckley, Bluefield, Logan, Madison, Mullens or Williamson. So in the early 20th century coal miners in poor West Virginia lived much better and more luxurious lives than did the slave laborers of the industrialized Soviet world. And btw, some of us actually had family members whom they knew who knew what life was like in the countryside of the USSR in the s.
Well, apart from us not having any powerful ethnic lobbies. Then again, as I pointed out, this is written for Russians, not foreigners. Anglophones are just getting a chance to peek in on what is happening through these translations. One of the leading luminaries of 20th century Russian nationalism, Ivan Ilyin, does that repeatedly. But that topic has been covered exhaustively, most of all by their intelligentsias, while applying the same sort of analytical framework to Russians is rare and indeed even, to an extent, politically incorrect in the West.
Kholmogorov has answered that succinctly:. For me, Holy Russia has always been and will be more valuable than the Petrine Empire, and the Russian Empire, historical Russia, is infinitely more valuable than the Soviet Union. For me in the realm of the spirit, the first place is occupied by Orthodox Christianity in the traditional teaching of the Orthodox Church, and in the sphere of politics — the vital interests of the Russian people. I am ready to respect the USSR to the extent that it does not contradict the Russian Empire, and I respect the Empire to the extent that it does not contradict, but continues Holy Russia.
I am ready to respect other spiritual realities to the extent that they are not hostile to Orthodox Christianity and are willing to respect other political and ideological programs to the extent that their implementation is not at the expense of the vital interests of the Russian people.
If you were expecting from me some other position, then you were mistaken in understanding my point of view, and not my position has changed. My position changes only with regard to the assessment of the position of certain concrete facts and figures in the system of coordinates indicated above. You seem to be contradicting your own logical conclusion here? I realize discussion of this is probably pointless, but I still want to state my opinion that all this talk about territorial annexations, areas that should have been Russified etc.
Obviously Galicia is a sparsely populated and financially irrelevant shithole in Ukraine. This might have made the anti-UPA struggle more difficult. Also the excuse for removing it from Poland was because it was Ukrainian, not Galician. One of my relatives was the guy who flew to Moscow and met personally with Stalin, asking him to join Galicia to Ukraine. Guy was a conservative clerical-nationalist who led a Christian Social party, not a commie nor Banderist ; he was playing a long game.
Just where exactly does my narrative break down? Stalin tried to bring the Uniates back into the Orthodox fold, so can he really be considered a friend of Galician-driven Ukrainian nationalism? The author is reaching. Poles were very, very angry, and the resulting geography would threaten both shrunken Poland Galicia was gone and Czechoslovakia.
Silesia reaches out quite far eastward. So what would be a better option than re- uniting it with Poland and allowing millions of Poles from the Galician east to move there? It has been relatively stable. You should cut it out, you are being irrelevant. Picking up the worst examples in one, and the best in another is not serious. It was all sh.. The Harlan County War in the coal company fields of eastern Kentucky ended in a kind of victory for the union strikers. The Ukrainization had already wrought tremendous changes by when it was scaled back.
Couple this with your observation that there was virtually no support for Russian nationalism in Ukraine, and what you have is a large area where in fact it appears that the Ukrainian national idea was quite popular. Mind you, this was an era of few if any Ukrainian language periodicals, no Ukrainian TV, radio, journals etc; etc;. The whole point of what made the Soviet Union so bad was that the average was nasty, poor, and brutal beyond any other country in modern history.
Digging a canal is always hard work. When the Erie Canal was built in New York State in the early s, somewhere between and 1, workers died during the process — virtually all of them during a malaria epidemic when working in a swampy area. A small pox epidemic is said to have killed about 1, Chinese coolies building the Transcontinental Railroad in America, and a few more may have died due to Indian attacks in the Nevada wilderness.
By contrast, death estimates for the Moscow-Volga canal alone range from as low as 30,! So around a hundred years after less than a thousand Americans died on a big canal project, Stalin and his minions managed to exceed their death total by several tens of thousands. With all of the technology developed by the 20th century, it still takes many more thousands of deaths to accomplish a big task?
Perhaps because capitalists in Britain and America actually fed their employees? Whereas Stalinist laborers could not eat? On the other hand, sometimes Stalin could be quite, uh, paternalistic towards his beloved industrial slaves. For example, one P. Shcherbakov reports the following story from the building of the Moscow-Volga Canal: Observing the foundation pit, he noticed that the inmates were working barefoot.
Even if it was in summer, the weather was not very warm. Stalin immediately interrogated his retinue — the directors of the project — why the workers have no footwear. They stalled, saying that they had to bring too many workers on the site, and that the footwear was on the way. The Leader ordered abruptly the footwear to be delivered within two hours, and several men in charge for the provision to be shot. They were shot right away near the ditch. What are you talking about?
It looks to me that his underlying spiritual values have fallen upon deaf ears you. France should cede some northern territory, such as the iron-ore mines at Briey and a coastal strip running from Dunkirk to Boulogne-sur-Mer, to Belgium or Germany. This would prevent French rearmament, make the French economy dependent on Germany, and end trade between France and the British Empire.
Germany would create a Mitteleuropa economic association, ostensibly egalitarian but actually dominated by Germany. Members would include the new buffer states. The German colonial empire would be expanded. The German possessions in Africa would be enlarged into a contiguous German colony across central Africa Mittelafrika at the expense of the French and Belgian colonies. The Netherlands should be brought into a closer relationship to Germany while avoiding any appearance of coercion. Land over money apparently.
Not listed here, but the Germans also intended to continue their Drang nach Osten by settling veterans in the east. Nothing like Generalplan Ost of course. After the collapse of Russia, Germany started realizing some of these aims by setting up a network of puppet states in Eastern Europe ruled by German princes. Tattoos, high boots and all…why not cash in and be the first to market real, historical blackshirts too?
The height of fashion in some circles. Lately Venezuelan oil output has been falling in part because Venezuelan roughnecks and roustabouts are now too hungry to work hard. Well, a million is just nonsense. In addition to the Erie canal there are unfortunately other examples. The industrialization of Western Europe was accompanied by the murder direct or indirect of tens, maybe hundreds of millions of people.
And America was part of the same system the transatlantic slave trade was measured in numbers with six zeros. Here is a problem I see with what you are doing this applies to Kholmogorov as well: Stalin for Russians is more than a war-time leader, he is a religious figure, a moustached Russian Jesus.
Ukrainians, who reject Stalin are expected to worship Stepan Bandera, but what will Russians believe in? People in this part of the world have a need for some idols in their lifes. Her estimates suggest that, by the early 19th century, England had more than a million child workers including around , seven- to year-olds — accounting for 15 per cent of the total labour force. Her work has revealed that during most of the 18th century only around 35 per cent of ten year old working-class boys were in the labour force while the figure for when large scale industrialisation started was 55 per cent, rising to 60 per cent for the period of The number of eight-year-old working-class boys at work also rose substantially in that period — with around a third of them being part of the work force between and compared to less than 20 per cent before So the much more industrially developed USSR killed about as high a percentage of its own people in famines as foreign colonizers killed Indians.
We must bridge that gap in ten years. Best policy to Stalin is probably benign neglect. For this purpose it is necessary to exterminate as rats the Russian liberal intelligentsia. Until this is done — Stalin will be a hero. That recollection is quite believable given the actual circumstances. Your method is predictably faulty: And you are surprised nobody takes you seriously? It was a disaster because it created a dysfunctional Ukraine with populations quite different and attitudes that are hard to reconcile.
But it took a few generations, in I still think it was the best among the available bad options. That was not an option in , so we got the mess that we have today. It will get much worse before this is settled. The Galician Ukrainians were generally not happy with being ruled by Poland. But Galicians have by and large been content to develop within a Ukrainian state. Isolated thoughts often become just empty sloganeering. I have seen an estimate by an Indian historian that claimed that British Empire caused the death of million people.
From India to Africa, from America to Ireland. Probably true, or maybe exaggerated, maybe it was only million. People die for all kinds of reasons. French and Spanish even Italians can also be counted on causing millions and millions to die. And Stalin was a twerp, murderer and in many ways a failure. To defend him out of spite is silly.
Let history take care of what happened. I am also puzzled by Pushkin at 3, what gives? I suspect low level autism…. The Great Famine Irish: Executive power lay in the hands of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and Chief Secretary for Ireland, who were appointed by the British government. Ireland sent members of parliament to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, and Irish representative peers elected 28 of their own number to sit for life in the House of Lords.
Records show that Irish lands exported food even during the worst years of the Famine. When Ireland had experienced a famine in —83, ports were closed to keep Irish-grown food in Ireland to feed the Irish. Local food prices promptly dropped. Merchants lobbied against the export ban, but government in the s overrode their protests. Throughout the entire period of the Famine, Ireland was exporting enormous quantities of food. Look around, most of history are stupid heavy-handed over-reaching acts…. A cruel tax and trade-usurious exploitation of the peasantry in India had caused widespread hunger.
India was Malthusian society located thousands of miles away from England. The claims that there was never any famine there until the British came are obvious BS. It is estimated that over 14 million people died of famine in China from — and 2 million in floods. Indians seem to want to play up the famine-angle to continue their invasion into white countries, but the idea that they were somehow genocided by Europeans is laughable.
Counting Pakistan and Bangladesh, there will be over 2. That is greater than the estimates of sub-Saharan Africans by Indeed, right now about 1 in 5 in the world are subcons. Ok, but would you agree that Ukraine has had a few contradicting tendencies? Donbass is not, no matter how you spin it.
That says that a compromise, or some degree of decentralisation are required. It will not work. It it will cause a lot of tears and regrets. Why should the British oligarchy care about the plight of Indians? Whom should it provide those excuses to, anyway? This is a joke? The English common people of the times of James Watt, worked fifteen hours a day for a bowl of soup for the family. Children were chained to carts to carry coal and ore through narrow passages in the mines.
Throughout England, concentration camps work houses were established. A little earlier White British were traded as cattle-raids were carried out in port cities to replenish the number of slaves on sugar cane plantations. But white slaves in the tropical climate died very quickly, so they were replaced by Negroes. Grigory Potemkin was going to buy several tens of thousands of Englishmen for the settlement of the Crimea and Novorossiya. Count Vorontsov Russian Ambassador to England managed to destroy this deal, otherwise in the Crimea would speak English.
In England there was no short-term mass famine similar to the famine in Ireland in but monstrous living conditions killed the British monotonously and daily. Much as I love the idea of enslaving the English, all of this is something out of a parallel universe. If my grandma had different genitalia, I would have called her a grandpa.
I would have also grown up a very confused kid: Why do I of all kids have a transgendered grandma and is this a sign of the things to come? Anyhow, my favorite theory about history is this: The most optimal history, with the best case scenario circumstances is the one that already happened.
Thank God that Russia was communist in WW2 and that Hitler used that as an excuse as to why he hated the Slavs — because of communism — yeah right. Russia is not communist since , why do they still hate them? Russia will be hated by the west no matter what kind of political system they have. By having communism it provided Hitler for an excuse to declare that to be the primary reason why the Russians have to be annihilated.
By not having those delusional options that they — the Russians as a democracy can make a deal with the west which will save them — they might have avoided committing a national suicide. England and Ireland were the same country under the union — the United Kingdom , ruled from London — until In central Ukraine the Ukrainian idea was popular. An overwhelming majority of the people voted for Ukrainian parties, and they clearly had a Ukrainian self-identity. But unlike Galicians, or Poles, or Finns, they were less likely to fight and die for their national idea in To put it in perspective — the two Donbas oblasts had 6.
Donbas militias have about 40, troops. That would be equivalent to , troops in Ukraine. Now, there are numerous caveats — Russia lavishly supplies the Donbas militias, Ukrainian ones were on their own, and there are some pro-Kiev volunteers from Donbas whereas there were virtually no pro-Russian ones among Russian Empire Russians.
Of course, to repeat myself, there was basically zero sentiment among these people to fight for Russia. Name any military units from Russian Ukraine who fought on the side of the Whites. Galicians did it after they became stateless Petlura signed Galicia over to Poland in exchange for help against the Soviets during a typhoid epidemic and received much-needed medicine from the Entente that the Whites had access to.
The Whites disintegrated before the Galicians could get healthy. Under similar circumstances some Galicians ended up fighting in the Red Army against Poland. Out of curiosity—had Ukraine been smaller no Galicia, Volhynia, Subcarpathian Ruthenia, Bessarabia, and northern Bukovina—for instance, had Hitler never become to power in Germany and there would have thus been no German-Soviet partition of Poland , and had Ukraine would have joined the Eurasian Economic Union after the collapse of the Soviet Union if it would have still occurred in this scenario, that is , what do you think that the long er -term future of the Eurasian Economic Union would have looked like in this scenario?
In turn, this makes me wonder—had an independent Ukrainian state limited to central and western Ukraine been created, how viable would it have been? Finally, off-topic, but as a side question—why exactly were Ukrainians outside of Galicia unwilling to fight en masse for the Ukrainian national cause in ? He openly planned to eliminate Russians because they stood in the way of his dream of a continental German Empire, and he considered slavs to be racially inferior a view he reneged on at the end of his life for obvious reasons. The American Empire has been mostly hostile to Russia since , and yes for America communism was mostly though not completely an excuse.
Prior to Russia was part of the normal European state system. Depending on the state of the times Russia could be friendly, isolated, allied, at war, etc. Where was the implacable Western hatred of Russia exactly? Germany fought two wars with Russia in the 20th century, but in the 19th century it was a German statesman vom Stein who convinced Tsar Alexander to join with Prussia in forming the Sixth Coalition to finally beat Napoleon. Is that you I see in the first photo leading the procession of Orthodox faithful into the promised land of photo 2?
The only problem though is that the use of nuclear missiles as presented in photo 1 would result in Russia looking something like this:. Petersburg would be safe from the radioactivity? Awhile back, I had earlier presented those in the officer ranks of the White Russians with ties to Ukraine. Hence the previously noted recollection of Ukrainian being spoken among the Whites. I also know someone whose family joined the Whites after serving under Skoropadsky. He has played a lead role in patriotic Russian anti-Communist emigre circles.
Know some others with a similar background as well. The Whites started their anti-Bolshevik opposition outside the territory of what became modern day Ukraine. He was militarily no match for either the Whites or Reds. The latter two had support within what became the Ukrainian SSR. Due to the dominating German presence, Skoropadsky and the Whites had problems connecting.
Makhno, was arguably more of an anarchist than a Ukrainian nationalist. The first is embarrassing. Because it is based not on strong religious belief, but on lack of religious belief — they are some fake losers dressing in robes walking next to a missile complex. In addition, the disjunction between the technology and the priests is embarrassing. Because they probably have no interest in the basic physics that allows the technology to operate. To me it highlights over-division of labour, alienation, and lack of education in society, that has developed since the time of buildings the pyramids.
As for the second image, it is the starting point. But do they possess the Promethean imagination, spiritual inspiration and transcendent national consciousness? Although perhaps already some, at least among the highest educated members of our generation, can already catch briefly glimpses in vague daydreams of ancestral visions the past and future greatness of their people…. That leaves a question: Yes, in the last years, no sane person could deny it. Maybe there are reasons for it, but the hostility is undeniable — and it covers Brits, Americans, French, German, Spanish, and even Italians.
Dutch, Swedes and Danish have also been hostile. Interesting, by that standard we could all be friends. To ask others to change is to admit that you dislike them as they are, thus logically, you simply dislike them. We hear this less and less because it is so absurd — Russians have chosen the government, they agree with most main policies.
How long has this been going on before ? Putting aside the communist era, one can find very strong anti-Russian sentiments in all main Western countries at least since late 18th century, with Britain being the outstanding hater. There were occasional opportunistic thaws when some country needed an ally, or needed something, but in general West was always quite hostile towards Russia.
It is too big, it is Orthodox, it has its own vibe. European Christian civilization will not prosper divided. West gleefully destroyed and abandoned Byzantium years ago. They are making the same mistake today. So, the russians invaded, looted and destroyed our countries and kept us imprisoned by force for 50 years in their dystopia and now they call us freeloaders that needed to be fed?
4 reasons to choose Homestay On Gabashvili 43
With people who think like this Russia will always be a blight on herself and on her neighbours. Maybe no-one here knows or cares, but I would be interested to know about the impact of the war with Germany on Marxist-Leninist ideology in Russia.
Then fascism was supposed to be a last-ditch defense of the system by the capitalists. So after an enormous war in which fascism was actually defeated — did they think that now the tide had turned? Name the ethnic Ukrainian units or military formations from Russian ruled Ukraine that fought on the side of the Whites in There was no widescale or even smallscale support for Russia among ethnic Ukrainians in Russian-ruled Ukraine. Only, perhaps, some individuals out of the millions. But you failed to provide even names of those so it must have been a small number indeed.
Meanwhile, around , ethnic Ukrainians from Russian-ruled Ukraine did fight for various Ukrainian nationalist leaders from Russian-ruled Ukraine, such as Symon Petliura, or Danylo Zeleny 30, troops at peak. Not much from a territory of 27 million people, but more than the virtually zero who took up arms for Russia. They volunteered their services.
Interestingly, it appears Stalin had his own role in making Pushkin a great figure: From to Britain sent to the colonies 50 thousand exiles as slaves , and in the humane Evangelist John Ogtrop founded a new colony in Georgia wanting to gather many prisoners for debt Consequently, there was widespread and long-lasting white slavery…it disappeared…for economic reasons, not for racial ones. There are many similar examples in this book. It seems as if the uncontested crimes of the Nazis are becoming worse with every passing decade. The fact that the red army lost significantly more soldiers than the Wehrmacht in in any single battle, victorious or not, even in the very last days of the war, when the Wehrmacht was completely outmaneuvered and outgunned cannot solely be blamed at the murderous spirit of the Wehrmacht.
In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, more than , white people were shipped to America as slaves. Hopeful migrants were duped into signing as indentured servants, unaware they would become personal property who could be bought, sold, and even gambled away. Transported convicts were paraded for sale like livestock. Drawing on letters crying for help, diaries, and court and government archives, Don Jordan and Michael Walsh demonstrate that the brutalities usually associated with black slavery alone were perpetrated on whites throughout British rule.
The trade ended with American independence, but the British still tried to sell convicts in their former colonies, which prompted one of the most audacious plots in Anglo-American history. This is a saga of exploration and cruelty spanning years that has been submerged under the overwhelming memory of black slavery.
White Cargo brings the brutal, uncomfortable story to the surface. However, I did not read this book, perhaps the author of a falsifier like Solzhenitsyn. And this is the end of the 18th century. Had Ukraine would have joined the Eurasian Economic Union after the collapse of the Soviet Union if it would have still occurred in this scenario, that is , what do you think that the long er -term future of the Eurasian Economic Union would have looked like in this scenario?
Like if the EU consisted only of similar countries on the same page politically-economically, like the Scandinavian ones. Ukraine, Belarus, Russia and Kazakhstan would be like this. The others would be more alien but are smaller and would basically serve as a source for migrants. The results for the Ukrainian Guberniyas in terms of votes for Ukrainian nationalist parties was:. About of Tavria was Crimea, the other half was southern Ukrainian areas north of Crimea.
Kharkiv guberniya included a lot of territory that is now part of Russia. Bessarabia guberniya is Moldova and the northern part of Tauridia voted pro-Ukrainian. This would just leave Kherson guberniya — specifically, the area around the city of Odessa and Crimea cut off from the rest of Russia.
Authors are filmmakers or something. Actual historians were not impressed. Sorry, you believe nonsense. In articles devoted to the white slaves Irish is a decree of the British crown, which prohibits forced interbreeding Irish women slaves with black slaves. But maybe this decree is a fake created by Irish nationalists. I find present western politics against Russia immoral and wrong, but I start to understand why Eastern Europeans have such a strong dislike towards them.
You fail to grasp the fact that people on what became Ukrainian territory fought on the White side. Such folks were typically never with Petliura — which is understandable given how many never supported him. People from the western-most part of the Ukraine, often noted for having a very strong Ukrainian national consciousness. He had a few tens of thousands of troops. Other nationalist warlords had thousands, or tens of thousands, also there were dozens of them.
The total was about , On the other hand, there was no army of Ukrainians fighting for Russia or the Whites. That was towards the end of the war. He had earlier had about 40, of his own soldiers. Danylo Zeleny who fought against Petliura had about 30, troops at the height of his power:.
I asked you to list battles. You failed to do so. There were probably some minor skirmishes, nothing like his all-out war against the Whites. His movement did put out a Ukrainian-language version of their newspaper and his wife Halyna Kuzmenko was a nationally conscious Ukrainian. In emigration, Makhno came to believe that anarchists would only have a future in Ukraine if they Ukrainianized and he stated that he regretted that he was writing his memoirs in Russian and not in Ukrainian.
Well, I pulled out my old calculator and ran some numbers for comparison, and surprisingly this is what I found out. The results are actually quite astounding and very comparable. With a population of 27,, and a fighting force of ,, this translates into. What if you added in the strength size of the WUR? Now in , the population of the US was approximately ,, Active military troops were 1,,, or. Looking back, I think that we can be proud of the presence of Ukrainians that volunteered for service during a hectic war period!
What do you think? Onc e again noting that Makhno was more of an anarchist than Ukrainian nationalist. The academically written works on the Russian Civil War give little comparative mention to Zeleny. Petliura himself probably had about 40,, non-Galician troops at most. When Zeleny and Petliura were allied they may have reached closer to , Because of the disorganized and chaotic nature of the Russian Empire Ukrainian forces a specific number is hard to pin down. OTOH Ukraine was under attack. Presumably if the USA was engaged in a battle against invading forces the national guards, reserves would get activated, there would be a rush of volunteers, etc.
During the Polish-Soviet war Poland recruited , soldiers. Galicia mobilized , out of a population of only 3. Makhno fought all factions which sought to impose any external authority over southern Ukraine, battling in succession the Ukrainian Nationalists, the Imperial German and Austro-German occupation, the Hetmanate Republic, the Russian White Army, the Russian Red Army, and other smaller forces led by Ukrainian otamans.
Denikin was militarily stronger than Petliura. That aspect motivated Makhno to concentrate more of his efforts against Denikin than Petliura. An autistic trait is the inability to not grasp a valid point that conflicts with a rehashed mantra. Your point being what? Even Galicia, being a part of the Hapsburg Empire had a presence in the parliament and was able to promote its own citizens within civic society. Also, its local church was in a better position to promote the Ukrainian position. Central Ukraine was in the throes of a war, unprepared and only just beginning to formulate a state structure of its own.
Even at , troops divided between different warlords, I still find this an impressive gesture in the right direction. Your dirt poor countries joined up with Hitler. Your fag troops died like cowards. All of you deserved all of your suffering and more besides. More of you should have been killed. They are however largely in sync with those of Russian nationalists, so my statement is absolutely correct.
I glanced at some reviews and they were OK. Obviously Blacks did not like the book and some Irish complained that Irish slaves are called British in the book. Also somebody complains that Whites want to become Israelites like Jews in Egypt. Anyway, I would like to read his book. Well, labor laws were harsh then, no doubt about that. And they got paid once in service. Once again noting that folks ethnically akin to what became the former Ukrainian SSR fought on the White side.
We are discussing Ukrainians in Ukraine. You made a claim without evidence. For evidence, name the ethnic Ukrainian units or military formations from Russian ruled Ukraine that fought on the side of the Whites in I agree with what you write. There were reason for that. First image has a powerful aesthetic that evokes the techpriests of the Adeptus Mechanicus in the Imperium of Man.
Praise be to the Omnissiah! Second image is the book cover to a sci-fi novel by Alexander Zorich, which is a collective pen-name for a male and female writer from Kharkov. Their series takes place in the 27th century where Russia and Ukraine are united, and constitute a space empire. Press-ganging was doubtless unpleasant for those experiencing it, but was minor compared to the full-scale conscription present in every other European state.
Sending rebels and other criminals to America was obviously much more humane than the alternative of execution or mutilation. Georgia was actually founded by philanthropists to try and reform criminals, but failed like most such projects. There was of course nothing unique about this, the French attempt to try and populate Louisiana with prostitutes, among other criminals, is well-known. You could have at least posted Ilya Repin, or a futurist with a bit more subtlety and taste, Aleksandr Blok, hell even Mayakovsky.
Whenever someone asks you seriously on this question, you always dodge the question with a snark or something like this:. As noted earlier, there was also the matter of many on the territory of what became the Ukrainian SSR, not being so supportive of any of the armed groups. Yesssss… it all makes sense now.
Joseph Stalin at 1 among the greatest heroes of Russian and world history. Western Europe has always been Gnostic, with a small but sharp underdog Christian current among the elites. Galicia is the North-Western part of the modern Ukrainian state. It was always part of Poland throughout history. Which is not surprising: